The EU's cooperation with Ghana is being adapted to the specific needs of an aspiring Middle Income Country (MIC), which continues to face challenges to deliver basic social services and build institutional capacity.

The National Indicative Programme for Ghana outlines the main focal sectors of the EU cooperation with the country during the period 2014-20 under the 11th European Development Fund.

The three key development priorities which are being supported through the 11th EDF in Ghana for a total amount of EUR 323 million are:

  • Governance: Public sector management and accountability (EUR 75 million) where we aim to promote good governance, the rule of law and accountability by focussing on making central and local institutions deliver more effective and accountable services and enhancing the rule of law and fight against corruption.
  • Productive investment for agriculture in the Savannah Ecological Zones (EUR 160 million), where we aim to help generate sustainable agriculture wealth in selected growth pole areas focussing on increasing household incomes from agriculture-related activities by improving access to water, storage, markets, energy and agribusiness opportunities. We also aim to enhance Ghana's adaptation and mitigation measures vis-à-vis climate change.
  • Employment and Social Protection (EUR 75 million), where we aim to create decent employment opportunities for vulnerable population groups (youth, women and minority groups) and enhance social protection services. 





Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 27 410 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 60 years (male), 62 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Medium human development (2014): 0.579
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2005): 25.2%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2005): 15.1%
  • Lower middle income country - Gross National Income per capita (2005): 496 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2010-2014): 8.3%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Trade and Private sector development

  • 370 female shea nut & butter producers in Gushegu district obtained organic certification for shea products
  • 10 communities have been granted fair trade certifications, allowing 802 women to engage in fair trade butter and nuts processing
  • 40 local cooperatives have been established for the extraction, transformation and commercialisation of Jatropha-based products

Inclusive Growth and poverty reduction

  • Between 2012 and 2014 the revenues of women nut producers and processors have increased by 50% mainly as a result of better quality and access to better prices

Civil Society and Local Authorities

  • Participation by the communities in decision making increased. For example, community cooperatives participated in renewable energy development and improved access to, and transparency of, information on renewable energy development in the district

Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change

  • 290 hectares of degraded land in West Mamprusi have been planted with Jatropha plants by small scale farmers for the production of biofuel

Agriculture and Food Security

  • 1 300 individual farmers (480 women and 820 men) were trained in the plantation of Jatropha and production of bio-energy (training on crop protection measures, environmental issues, oil production, secondary Jatropha products)


  • 3 decentralized processing facilities for Jatropha oil have been set up at Kparigu, Nasia and Wungu

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