Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

For Burkina Faso, as one of the poorest countries in the world, high demographic growth and non-inclusive development are major constraints to poverty reduction. The economy relies heavily on output of the rainfall-dependent agricultural sector – cotton and livestock – which is vulnerable to climate change. EU assistance largely focuses on improving basic services, infrastructure and inter-connectivity and supporting good governance.

The National Indicative Programme 2014-2020 details the focal sectors of EU cooperation with Burkina Faso under the 11th European Development Fund.

The Country Strategy Paper for Burkina Faso (2008-13) and a multi-annual indicative programme detailed cooperation priorities for a €708 million allocation under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF).

10th EDF assistance has being used to upgrade road networks, provide increased and better access to water and sanitation, as well as promote renewable energy sources. It is also improving political, democratic and local governance. In addition, the EU has used budget support to back the government’s macroeconomic reform programme for poverty reduction.

Additional funds to speed up the country’s progress on the Millennium Development Goals – specifically health, education, sanitation and food security – were granted as an outcome of the Cotonou Agreement’s 2010 mid-term review, producing encouraging results in all the supported sectors.


Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 18 106 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 57 years (male), 59 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Low human development (2014): 0.402
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2009): 55.3%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2009): 17.4%
  • Low income country - Gross National Income per capita (2014): 504 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2010-2014): 6.4%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Agriculture and Food Security

  • 680 hectares of degraded land have been improved to use for agriculture and pasture
  • 76 hectares of low lands have been conserved through the construction of diguettes, which are lines of stones placed along field contours to prevent erosion

Water and Sanitation

  • 130 bricklayers were trained and were provided with equipment to construct latrines in the muncipalities of Aribinda, Gorgadji, Mansila, Markoye, Seytenga et Titabé
  • 3 900 persons were trained and have become aware of basic hygiene principles in the muncipalities of Aribinda, Gorgadji, Mansila, Markoye, Seytenga et Titabé
  • 20 000 pupils from 62 schools were provided with access to latrines
  • 29 new health and social support centres Centres de Santé et de Promotion Sociale were equipped with functional and adequate sanitary facilities
  • In 2014, 71% of citizens in 15 municipalities in the provinces of Poni and Noumbiel had access to drinking water (up from 66% in 2011)
  • In 2014, 77% of citizens in 15 municipalities in the provinces of Poni and Noumbiel have been provided with access to sanitation facilities (up from 7% in 2010)
  • 33 000 metres of drainage have been constructed in the city of Ouagadougou
  • 150 bricklayers were trained to undertake rehabilitation and maintenance works of water infrastructure in the city of Ouagadougou

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