Fiji is a Pacific Island nation made up of more than 300 islands lying on the border between Polynesia and Melanesia. Its economy relies mainly on the sugar and tourism industries.

Political events, notably the coups of 1987, May 2000 and December 2006, have seriously hindered what has been a very promising economic development dynamic, leading to important losses in gross domestic product (GDP) growth, employment, investment and exports, as well as negative impacts on international development cooperation. Despite sugar cane is the main source of income for the country, it has experienced a continued declining in its production with strong negative effects on the population.

Following the 2006 military coup in Fiji, Council Decision 2007/641/EC was adopted to take appropriate measures in line with the article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement.

EU bilateral support to Fiji was suspended in October 2007, in line with Article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement. According to Appropriate Measures, the EU development assistance is channelled through non-governmental organisations. However, Fiji remains eligible to Regional and Thematic programmes.

Currently, the main source of funding to Fiji is the Accompanying Measures for Sugar Protocol (AMSP), focusing on social mitigation, building a more competitive sugar sector and agricultural diversification. Sugar production yield have been increased and farmers living the sugar sector have benefited from support to find alternative livelihoods.

The EU also supports civil society in Fiji and the democratisation process.


Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 892 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 67 years (male), 73 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - High human development (2014): 0.727
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2008):3.6 %
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2008): 16.2%
  • Upper middle income country - Gross National Income per capita (2005): 3 711 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2009-2013): 2.2%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Inclusive Growth and poverty reduction

  • 52 safe family and community houses were newly constructed
  • 350 homes have been retrofitted to be cyclone-resistant

Agriculture and Food Security

  • 510 farmers (30 women and 480 men) working in the declining sugar cane industry have improved income opportunities by farming cash crops following training on farming techniques and methods, provision of seeds, and purchase of farm equipment
  • 1 500 sugar cane farmers received rural advisory service and increased their knowledge on market perspectives for crops other than sugar cane
  • 920 women and youth (880 women and 40 men) dependent on sugar cane farms were trained in food processing and have achieved sustainable complementary incomes
  • 830 farmers and farm dependent people who are negatively affected by the decline of the sugar industry have increased their capacity to successfully operate a business as a result of training in business skills and financial literacy

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