The Country Strategy Paper for Timor-Leste (2008-13) (also known as East Timor) and a multi-annual indicative programme set out the priority areas for €81 million of spending under the 10th European Development Fund: sustainable development, health and institutional capacity building.  An additional €1.1 million covers unforeseen needs.

In addition, Timor-Leste benefits from EU support for ACP Portuguese-speaking countries and the EU’s instruments for non-state actors, the Instrument for Stability (IfS) and other budget lines, such as food security.

All EU projects in Timor-Leste also address cross-cutting issues, notably; gender equality, the promotion of human rights, children's rights, the rights of indigenous people, environmental sustainability and the fight against HIV/AIDS, although the latter is not yet a major problem for the country.


Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 1 185 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 66 years (male), 70 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Medium human development (2014): 0.595
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2007): 46.8%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2007): 21.6%
  • Lower middle income country - Gross National Income per capita (2013): 2 315 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2009-2013): 8.2%

Selected results achieve with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015


  • 213 000 trees have been planted in 36 communities and are available to provide renewable sources of fuel wood

Water and Sanitation

  • 3 700 inhabitants (1 900 women and 1 800 men) of Oecussi villages have been provided with potable water supplies and better knowledge of hygiene practices
  • 3 700 persons in rural areas of Timor-Leste have received access to basic sanitation facilities
  • 80% of area in the sub districts of Nitibe and Pante Macassar in Oecusse district were free of open defecation (up from 24% in 2014)
  • 19 374 people received access to improved water sources, corresponding to 90% of the population in 53 villages in the districts of Manatuto (up from 9 795 in 2011)
  • In 2014 all 21 527 inhabitants of 53 villages have access to improved sanitation (up from 12 529 in 2011) and the villages were declared free from open defecation

Agriculture and Food Security

  • 150 000 cacao and shade tree seedlings were produced by the agricultural technical school at Natarbora and by farmers groups

Civil Society and Local Authorities

  • 120 community radio managers, journalists, and volunteers were trained in community radio best practices and talkshow production


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