The EU has been a major development partner of Cambodia since the early 1990s. EU-funded initiatives in sectors ranging from education and agriculture to public financial management and trade related assistance have benefited millions of Cambodians. EU support is designed to support the Royal Government of Cambodia's policies, as reflected in the Government's Medium Term Development Plans.
The European Union's development assistance to Cambodia currently totals 410 million euros in bilateral cooperation for 2014-2020 and 21 million euros in thematic budget lines for 2014-2017 (approximately 457.3 and 23.4 million USD respectively). These funds allow the EU to concentrate its support on priority sectors in Cambodia that have significant impact on the country's development.
- Agriculture and Natural Resource Management: Focusing on the Fisheries sector with additional support for Livestock and Natural Resource Management, the current support seeks to increase food security, improve nutrition, protect aquatic habitats and other ecosystems, increase the economic value of agricultural products, improve animal health and address climate change.
- Education and Skills development: The focus of the current support is on increased and equitable access to quality education at primary and secondary level. Specific attention is paid to sector reforms, and to areas such as early childhood education, school operating budgets, scholarships, teacher qualifications, quality assurance and national learning assessments.
- Governance and Administration: Improved governance is key for lasting development in Cambodia. The EU currently supports the Royal Government of Cambodia in implementing "all of government" reforms such as the Public Financial Management reform and the Sub-National Democratic Development reform (decentralisation), with a particular focus on transparency and promoting citizens voices. The EU also provides assistance to Electoral reform in the area of voter registration and to the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (Khmer Rouge Tribunal).
Regional programmes that benefit the country include support to Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) to deepen economic integration, economic growth and sustainable development. Sustainable consumption and production is promoted through the SWITCH Asia programme. Finally, the Asia Investment Facility provides co-funding to infrastructure development projects.
- Multiannual Indicative Programme Cambodia 2014-2020
- European Development Cooperation Strategy for Cambodia 2014-2018