Food and agriculture

Food and agriculture

Food and agriculture


Support to agriculture is fundamental for reducing poverty and boosting growth. Up to 90% of the population in many developing countries depends on agriculture and farming for their living, as these provide income, employment and food, as well as raw materials for industry and exports.


 Rural development, Food security and nutrition

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015 in the frame of the 2010 EU Contribution to the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

CGIAR is a global research partnership dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources and ecosystem services. Its research is carried out by 15 CGIAR centres in close collaboration with hundreds of partners, including national and regional research institutes, civil society organisations, academia, development organisations and the private sector.

The project was implemented by eight of the fifteen international agricultural research centres members of the CGIAR: Bioversity International, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), World Agroforestry centre (ICRAF), Africa Rice Centre (WARDA), International Water Management Institute (IWMI). The main results of the project were:

  • 125 000 metric tons of stress-tolerant rice varieties seeds were produced and distributed in India, Bangladesh and Nepal, benefitting 0.5 million farmers on an estimated 2.50 million hectares.
  • 23 000 farmers in Zimbabwe, Malawi, Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi were trained in the selection of legume crops at farm level as well as in the adaptation of Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) options. The yield of vegetables increased by 500 kilogram per hectare when using ISFM.
  • In India and Myanmar 38 000 farmers (14 000 women and 24 000 men) were educated to improve the selection of varieties of legumes so as to enhance legume productivity. The aim was to develop farmers' technical and management skills and practices and to strengthen the relation between the farmers’ community and agricultural research institutes.
  • 5 900 farmers (2 500 women and 3 400 men) benefitted from the small ruminant value chains developed by the project as platforms for reducing poverty and increasing food security in dryland areas in India and Mozambique.