Together in the fight against poverty
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

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The challenge

Every day, nearly 7 500 people are infected with HIV – 95% of them live in developing countries. AIDS treatment and prevention, such as intensive programmes promoting increased use of condoms, delayed sexual initiation and fewer sexual partners can reduce the rate of these deaths.

One child is killed by malaria every 30 seconds. Measures such as the use of insecticide-treated mosquito bed nets and malaria control activities can turn the tide.

Our plan: to halt and reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major diseases, as well as to provide universal access to HIV/AIDS treatments.

How are we doing?

how are we doing

People continue to die every day because of HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and other diseases, but encouraging progress has been made:

  • the number of people who die each year from AIDS  is in decline – from 3 million to 2 million;
  • the best progress concerns access to treatments in poor regions: in 2003, only 7% of people who needed it had access to treatments. Five years later, more than 40% of them do
  • many more HIV-infected pregnant women in Africa are receiving treatment to prevent the virus being transmitted to their baby.

Our action

The EU is the leading contributor to the Global Fund to fight HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis.

The EU is helping developing countries to:

  • make accessible essential medications;
  • build clinics and laboratories;
  • train qualified staff;
  • give access to care; and
  • improve sanitary education.

Quick facts

  • 1 child is killed by malaria every 30 seconds
  • 70% of all new HIV infections occur in Sub-Saharan Africa

From the field

HIV/AIDS and nutrition campaign in a slum © European Union, 1995-2010

Helping rural and tribal youth in India

With EU support, Oxfam is implementing an HIV/AIDS youth programme in the two Indian states of Orissa and Rajasthan in partnership with 13 local NGOs. This programme aims to better inform young people on HIV and reproductive health as well as to promote a supportive environment in which to meet the reproductive, sexual and HIV related health needs of rural and tribal youths.

Women and children sitting in front of the hospital in the village of Ribaué, Mozambique © European Union, 1995-2010

Prevention, positive living and empowerment initiative for Malawi & Mozambique

This project aims to create HIV networks in the corridors between Malawi and Mozambique to supply testing, counselling and care, and to develop local health capacity and commitment of the communities.


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