Funding Instruments are the legal basis of geographic and thematic programmes. Thematic and geographic instruments define the legal framework and the scope of programmes and specify which actors and which areas are eligible for funding.
Within these funding instruments, the EU’s development assistance is distributed through multi-annual programmes. Programmes can target individual countries or sectors, as well as regions.
The EU’s thematic programmes encourage the participation of civil society organisations and local authorities in development cooperation.
More on programming of development aid.
Annual Action Programmes are financing decisions, allocating funds to regional, country-based external or thematic cooperation programmes.
Annual Work Programmes identify the grants that are planned to be awarded during the year, notably through calls for proposals.