Due to global challenges and the need for the EU to take action in this field, the EU supports the promotion of a high level of nuclear safety, radiation protection, and the application of efficient and effective safeguards of nuclear material in third countries. The geographical scope of the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC) extends to all third countries, but priority is given to accession and neighbouring countries.
Via the INSC the following specific objectives are pursued:
The promotion of an effective nuclear safety culture and implementation of the highest nuclear safety and radiation protection standards, and continuous improvement of nuclear safety
Responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste and remediation of former nuclear sites and installations
The establishment of frameworks and methodologies for the application of efficient and effective safeguards for nuclear material in third countries
As part of the preventive approach the instrument provides, for the first time, support to the upgrading of regulatory frameworks in countries in Africa. The aim is to ensure that uranium mining respects high safety and environmental standards. Initiatives to improve the day-to-day situation of the population in and around Chernobyl continue. A special programme for dealing with the uranium legacy in parts of Central Asia shall be implemented together with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
A financial envelope for the INSC of €225 321 000 is foreseen for the period 2014-2020.