The partnership between the Union on the one hand and Greenland and the Kingdom of Denmark on the other hand aims to preserve the close and lasting link between the partners while supporting the sustainable development of Greenland. Also, it acknowledges the geostrategic position of Greenland in the Arctic region.
The Instrument for Greenland (IfG) allows the EU to assist Greenland in addressing its major challenges (e.g. diversification of the economy, the need to increase the skills of its labour force…) and to contribute to the capacity of the administration of Greenland to formulate and implement national policies, in particular in areas that are of interest for both partners.
The main areas of cooperation include education and training, tourism and culture, natural resources (including raw materials), energy, climate, environment and biodiversity, Arctic issues, the social sector, workforce mobility, social protection systems, food safety and food security issues, research and innovation, and sustainable use of living resources. There is strong cooperation between the Government of Greenland, the Government of Denmark and the European Commission, whereby the implementation of the Instrument is managed by the Government of Greenland and the European Commission according to their roles and responsibilities.
A financial envelope for the IfG of €217 800 000 is foreseen for the period 2014-2020.