The EU’s cooperation strategy with Swaziland under the 11th European Development Fund (2014-20) is outlined in the National Indicative Programme 2014-20 for Swaziland. The indicative allocation for the country is €62 million and focuses on the following areas: (1) Agriculture (€40 million); (2) Social protection (€15 million); and (3) Support measures (€7 million).

The Country Strategy Paper for Swaziland (2008-2013), which presents the strategic framework for the cooperation of the European Commission (EC) with Swaziland under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF), focuses on the promotion of human development through support to the health and education sector as well as on the improvement of water supply, sanitation and irrigation in order to improve living standards of the rural population.

Additional activities focus on empowerment of local communities and good governance initiatives to improve the policies and institutions related to the rule of law, human rights and democracy. This is rounded up by measures to strengthen public finance management to ensure optimal use of available resources.

The original multi-annual indicative programme for Swaziland under the 10th EDF amounts to €63.9 million to address these priorities. This now amounts to total €70 million following ad-hoc reviews (Millenium Development Goals initiative). Swaziland has benefitted of an allocation of €120 million under the sugar facility. These funds have been used to enhance the competitiveness of Swaziland's sugar industry while also trying to reducing poverty in the sugar regions.

Cross-cutting issues, in particular gender, HIV/AIDS, good governance, capacity building and environment have also been integrated in the majority of EC-funded programmes in Swaziland.