Sudan lies at a crossroad between Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and is a country of origin, destination and transit at the centre of the migratory route linking East Africa with Libya, Egypt and eventually the EU. Sudan is afflicted by conflict in its peripheral areas, which have displaced large numbers of people, notably in Darfur, and is managing the social and economic consequences of South Sudan's secession in 2011. Through its development cooperation, the EU follows a peacebuilding and people-centred approach in Sudan, and has scaled up its efforts to contribute to a more inclusive socio-economic environment, while exploring avenues to deepen its engagement on migration
Despite Sudan’s non-ratification of the revised Cotonou Agreement, the EU remains committed to the people of Sudan, and since 2010 has made €196 million available from the European Development Fund to address the needs of people living in conflict-affected areas. As part of this overall support, in March 2016 the EU approved a Special Measure of €100 million, which is channelled through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. The Special Measure will be implemented in Darfur, the Eastern States of Red Sea, Kassala and Gedaref (and, to the extent that access and security conditions allow, in the Southern border areas). It will focus on the provision of basic needs in education and health, livelihoods and food security, and the strengthening of civil society, local governance and peacebuilding. Major beneficiaries of EU support will be vulnerable populations; in particular refugees, internally displaced persons, returnees and the local communities hosting them.
Sudan also benefits from other actions under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, in particular from a €15 million development and protection programme for refugees and host communities in Eastern Sudan and Khartoum, as well as from a regional project worth €40 million to improve the capacity of countries along the Eastern Migratory Route to better manage migration. These actions are the concrete realisation of the commitments made by the EU at the Africa-EU Migration Summit held in Valletta in November 2015, and aim to facilitate progress of the dialogue on migration that the EU has with Sudan both at bilateral level and at regional level under the Khartoum process.
Sudan is also a beneficiary of funding from the EU’s Food Security and Non-State Actors Programmes, the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace, and the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights.