South Georgia lies 1,290 km south east of the Falkland Islands. It is a mountainous sub-Antarctic island, more than half of which is permanently covered in ice.
Situated 760 km south east of South Georgia, South Sandwich Islands comprise of a chain of eleven small volcanic islands stretching over 240 km. The climate is wholly Antarctic and the islands can be surrounded by pack ice during the winter months.
Their common maritime zone stretches over 1,000,000 km² of the Southern Ocean. The territory is internationally recognised for its biological importance, with major populations of seabirds and mammals, including globally threatened species.