Senegal

Senegal

Senegal

A factor of stability in West Africa by its democratic tradition, Senegal serves as the bridge of the Western world to the countries of West Africa. In terms of security, Senegal is committed to the fight against terrorism and organised crimes.

Although not on the list of fragile states, a low-intensity conflict still occurs in its southern region, Casamance, and neighbouring countries face the risk of crisis or breach of the rule of law. On the economic level, although Senegal has the potential to play the role of a regional pole by becoming a centre of attraction for external private investments, delivering high growth rates remains a key challenge in order to reduce poverty significantly. It remains a least developed country (LDC). The consolidation of the rule of law based on a real separation of powers, the modernisation of the public functions and the fight against corruption and clientelism are essential in order to restore the trust of citizens in state institutions.

The National Indicative Programme for Senegal outlines the main focal sectors of the EU cooperation with the country during the period 2014-20 under the 11th European Development Fund.

The Country Strategy Paper (2008-13) and the National Indicative Programme for Senegal detail the priority areas for € 340.3 million of funding under the 10th European Development Fund (EDF).

Specifically, assistance is aimed at developing regional trade through improving transport infrastructure at national and regional levels. It also promotes good governance. In addition, EU initiatives are helping to improve the supply of clean drinking water and provide project support to the sanitation sector.

Additional aid was committed for private sector initiatives, capacity building and technical cooperation. All EU programmes in Senegal address cross-cutting issues such as gender and the environment.

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Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 15 129 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 64 years (male), 68 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Low human development (HDI rank: 170 out of 180)
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2011): 38%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2011): 16.4%
  • Lower middle income country - Gross National Income per capita (2014): 803 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2009-2012): 3.3%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Conflict prevention, peace building and security

  • 1 086 000 square metre have been demined in Casamance
  • 280 explosive remnants of war and antipersonnel mines have been found and eliminated
  • A Peace Observatory for conflict prevention and reconciliation in Casamance, which promotes dialogue and offers training courses to prevent and manage local conflicts was set up and is recognised by the community and local authorities as a valuable interlocutor for conflict resolution
  • 200 women trained in conflict resolution in Casamance to enable their better engagement in the peace process
  • 80.4% of the community in 80 villages in the department of Mampatim in Kolda region consider female genital mutilation as a violation of human rights, thanks to an awareness campaign through local media and by sensitising religious and local leaders and police forces
  • A laboratory for quality control of products from the trade branch (direction du commerce) has been accredited according to international norm ISO 17025

Employment and Social Protection

  • 16 enterprises have obtained biological agriculture and Global Gap certification; Global Gap is an internationally recognised set of farm standards for good agricultural practices

Good Governance and Human Rights

  • The criminal code "Code Pénal" and the code of criminal procedure "Code de Procédure Pénale" have been revised substantially to avoid long provisional detentions and to treat criminal files more effectively

Energy

  • 3 250 households have gained access to reliable and sustainable electric services (via hybrid plants, photovoltaic systems and low-voltage networks)

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