The new differentiated EU development partnership with Mexico for 2014-2020 does no longer entail an EU bilateral envelope given Mexico's status as a graduated country. However, the main bilateral programme under the previous country strategy 2007-2013 was signed in November 2013 (Social Cohesion Lab, phase II) and will maintain intense activities with 26 key institutions in the country until 2018. Moreover, Mexico will remain eligible to receive funding from several EU programmes/instruments, such as Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) thematic programmes, the Partnership Instrument (PI), the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), all continental programmes for Latin America and external components of internal instruments, such as Horizon 2020.
The current overall Mexico development cooperation portfolio represents some €100 million grants leveraging additional €40 million from Mexican institutions and close to EUR 1 billion development bank loans. Ongoing bilateral programmes include actions co-financed by Mexican institutions (coordinated by Amexcid /SRE –Foreign Office) in the field of social cohesion (€42 million in the Social Cohesion Laboratory phases I and II), economic innovation and competitiveness (€18 million through the PROCEI programme) and Culture (€5,6 million). Funding under EU thematic lines and funding instruments include the EIDHR (European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights) and CSO-LA (Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities) programme through which 39 projects are running with a budget of over €10 million. Other thematic calls for proposals on energy, environment, health and migration support 10 further projects with a budget of some €12 million.
Mexico benefits from various programmes of regional nature, especially through EUROSociAL dialogues and exchanges (in the areas of justice, taxes, health, democracy and regional development), LAIF (Latin America Investment Facility) grants (some €25 million) leveraging close to €1 billion in loans for sustainable development investments. Erasmus+ and the Research Framework programmes also involve the support of multiple Mexican partners (€12 M on average each year). In total, with a portfolio of over €100 million, the EU covers all Mexican States. It engages in dialogue on key policy areas for inclusive and sustainable development with over 20 Federal and State institutions and over 100 CSOs and universities on a regular basis. It directly benefits 900 communities and 600 MSMEs.
The new EU thematic lines (Global Public Goods and Challenges –GPGC- thematic programme, EU-LA regional programme, Horizon 2020, Erasmus+) and instruments (Partnership Instrument) open an even wider scope of cooperation actions between the EU and Mexico in the future.