Guinea

Guinea

Guinea

Following a coup in December 2008, the EU suspended cooperation with Guinea under article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement relating to measures that can be taken in the event of the non-respect of the agreement’s fundamental and essential elements.

The National Indicative Programme for the Republic of Guinea outlines the main focal sectors of the EU cooperation with the country during the period 2014-20 under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF).

The Country Strategy Paper for Guinea (2008-13) and a national indicative programme outline the priorities for the €174.3 million 10th EDF allocation which was signed once the Guinean authorities drew up a calendar for legislative elections.

The EU-Guinea cooperation partially resumed in 2010 following presidential elections and the installation of a civilian government. To support the restoration of the constitutional order and democracy, a roadmap had been established by the Council of the European Union with a view of the progressive resumption of aid.

Notwithstanding the suspension of aid, the EU continued to finance humanitarian actions in Guinea. A €60 million sum of emergency aid was made available between 2009-2013 to support the population and assist the transition to democracy. Moreover, the adoption of a calendar for the legislative elections in December 2012 allowed the unblocking of €34.4 million in support of basic social services and civil society. Following the holding of inclusive and pacific legislative elections in September 2013, The Council of the EU decided to resume fully the normal cooperation under the 10th European Development Fund (2008-13). In this context, the remaining €139.9 million funds will be used to implement projects in the field of governance and transport from 2014 onwards.

 

 

 

Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 12 609 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 58 years (male), 58 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Low human development (2014): 0.411
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2012): 35.3%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2012): 19.7%
  • Low income country - Gross National Income per capita (2005): 275 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2005-2009): 2.4%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Health

  • 65 000 children under 5 years old have received treatment in nutrition centres (centre nutritionnel ambulatoire and centre nutritionnel thérapeutique)
  • 931 000 women have been taught about best practices in infant and toddler feeding
  • In 2012, 86% of children previously admitted to a nutritional centre had recovered from malnutrition
  • 53 000 pregnant and breastfeeding women have received treatment in a supplementary nutrition center (centre de nutrition supplémentaire)
  • In 2012, 5% of children under 5 years have suffered from acute malnutrition (down from 8% in 2009)

Agriculture and Food Security

  • A system of nutritional surveillance, using information from nutrition centres, surveys, studies, and other statistics from health centres, has been established
  • 38 000 pupils received meals at a school canteen
  • Attendance at schools with a school canteen increased from 59% in 2010 to 93% in 2012 in Koundara and 98% in Gaoual
  • Rice production in Basse Guinée has increased from 15 tons per hectare in 2003 to 20 tons per hectare in 2015

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