Ghana is well-placed to meet some of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015. It has already qualified as a lower middle-income country, has shown robust GDP growth and has experienced peaceful transitions of power following democratic elections.

The National Indicative Programme for Ghana outlines the main focal sectors of the EU cooperation with the country during the period 2014-20 under the 11th European Development Fund.

The Country Strategy Paper for Ghana (2008-13) and a multi-annual indicative programme detail the areas for €454 million of funding under the 10thEuropean Development Fund (EDF).

EU programmes focus on:

  • improving transport links and promoting regional integration,
  • assisting Ghana’s decentralisation policy,
  • improving different aspects related to Ghana’s access to international trade and export,
  • supporting civil society and non-executive bodies.

The 10th EDF also includes €8 million for natural resources management and including support for the EU Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT).

Cooperation assistance is increasingly channelled through budget support. A platform of budget support donors - the multi-donor budget support Group - numbers 10 donors, including the World Bank.

In providing assistance in this way, special attention is paid to Ghana’s progress on good financial management and on meeting the targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the social sectors.

Budget support was the instrument of choice to channel €52 million for a maternal health programme, approved by the European Commission in 2012 to help the country attain Millennium Development Goal 5 (MDG) on maternal health.

Budget lines

Ghana also benefits from €45.0 Million from other EU funded programmes, including: the food facility, support to Non-State Actors and local authorities (NSA/LA), and the human rights instrument (EIDHR).

All EU activities in Ghana take account of cross-cutting issues, in particular gender equality, environmental sustainability, democracy and good governance, decent work principles, civil society and non-state actors.

Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 27 410 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 60 years (male), 62 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Medium human development (2014): 0.579
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2005): 25.2%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2005): 15.1%
  • Lower middle income country - Gross National Income per capita (2005): 496 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2010-2014): 8.3%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Trade and Private sector development

  • 370 female shea nut & butter producers in Gushegu district obtained organic certification for shea products
  • 10 communities have been granted fair trade certifications, allowing 802 women to engage in fair trade butter and nuts processing
  • 40 local cooperatives have been established for the extraction, transformation and commercialisation of Jatropha-based products

Inclusive Growth and poverty reduction

  • Between 2012 and 2014 the revenues of women nut producers and processors have increased by 50% mainly as a result of better quality and access to better prices

Civil Society and Local Authorities

  • Participation by the communities in decision making increased. For example, community cooperatives participated in renewable energy development and improved access to, and transparency of, information on renewable energy development in the district

Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change

  • 290 hectares of degraded land in West Mamprusi have been planted with Jatropha plants by small scale farmers for the production of biofuel

Agriculture and Food Security

  • 1 300 individual farmers (480 women and 820 men) were trained in the plantation of Jatropha and production of bio-energy (training on crop protection measures, environmental issues, oil production, secondary Jatropha products)


  • 3 decentralized processing facilities for Jatropha oil have been set up at Kparigu, Nasia and Wungu

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