Rich in natural resources, with significant reserves of oil, wood, iron ore and manganese, Gabon is now an upper-middle income country characterised by political and macroeconomic stability. However, poverty is still widespread. EU cooperation focusses on improving basic infrastructure and education.

The National Indicative Programme for Gabon outlines the main focal sectors of the EU cooperation with the country during the period 2014-20 under the 11th European Development Fund.

The Country Strategy Paper for Gabon (2008-13) and a multi-annual indicative programme, detail the areas for €50.2 million of funding under the 10thEuropean Development Fund (EDF).

Assistance focusses on:

  • improving basic infrastructure – maintenance of the road network and drainage and evacuation of rainwater in the capital, Libreville;
  • supporting activities in the field of technical and vocational teaching;
  • building capacity in both the public and private sectors – mining, environment, transport and public finance – and helping to ensure that renewable natural resources are exploited in a sustainable manner;
  • ensuring that cross-cutting issues such as good governance, gender, individual rights and the environment are integrated into all EU-funded programmes in Gabon.

Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 1 725 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 63 years (male), 64 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Medium human development (2014): 0.684
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2005): 8%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2005): 15.9 %
  • Upper middle income country - Gross National Income per capita (2014): 6 442 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2009-2013): 4.4 %

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Natural Resources, Environment and Climate Change

  • 1 300 people in 16 villages have improved their awareness of the concept of community forests, which are area assigned to a village community to carry out activities for sustainable management of natural resources
  • 11 associations engaging in community forest management have been established and are operational
  • 31 schools have participated in the environmental education programme
  • 2 university partnerships have been signed and university collaborations have taken place between the Gabonese National School of Forestry, the University of Science and Technology of Masuku, the National Institute Superior of Agronomy and Biotechnology, the National Institute of Management Sciences in Libreville as well as with French universities, the University of Paris-Sud, and Belgian University Catholic of Louvain-la-Neuve and University of Liège/Gembloux. In total, transfer of skills in the field of social forestry has been awarded to eighteen students

Employment and Social Protection

  • 21 professional training sessions (technical training on wood, agronomic training, association management) have been carried out with village association members
  • 24 training events on wood craft techniques have been delivered benefitting over 250 people

Civil Society and Local Authorities

  • 12 collaborations with non-governmental organisations have taken place in the field of social forestry with the aim of increasing involvement in the process of creating and management community forests

Agriculture and Food Security

  • 9 hectares of banana plantation have been grown with the intention for this to serve as demonstration site for collective initiatives in social forestry and agroforestry
  • 13 tree nurseries have been established and provide around 34,000 plants per season

Inclusive Growth and poverty reduction

  • 5 communities have put in place an account which holds village funds, managed by the village population and which consists of revenues from community activities such as sales of plants from tree nurseries, bananas, wood


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