Located in the centre of the South Pacific, French Polynesia spreads over a vast area. It has a population of 267,000 on 118 islands grouped into five archipelagos.
The economy of French Polynesia is largely based on tourism, pearl farming and fishing.
- waste-water treatment in Papeete commune and
- the drawing up of a water sector policy by French Polynesia’s institutions.
French Polynesia was also granted €2 million from the 10th EDF for rehabilitation of roads in Tahiti in the wake of the destruction in 2010 caused by cyclone Oli.
Under the 10th EDF’s Technical Cooperation Facility (TCF), a sum of €61,537 was earmarked to New Caledonia for a symposium in December 2011 on regional cooperation in coastal management, and a seminar in January 2013 on strengthening institutional capacities in Pacific OCTs.
French Polynesia has also requested TCF funding for two other projects: to map non-state actors (€70,000) and to organise an OCT regional cooperation forum with African, Caribbean and Pacific states (€150,000). Further, New Caledonia is a beneficiary of a €12 million 10th EDF regional programme initiative (INTEGRE) to mitigate the impact of climate change.
The European Investment Bank (EIB) has opened three lines of credit for French Polynesia – two €5 million loans (2007 and 2010) and a €10 million loan (2009) for projects in the areas of renewable energy, energy efficiency and environmental conservation. The EIB agreed a €7.5 million loan in 2012 for a sea water air conditioning project at French Polynesia’s main hospital on Tahiti, reducing energy costs and emissions.
French Polynesia also benefits from activities financed under the EU’s general budget:
- NET-BIOME – a network for research activities on tropical and subtropical biodiversity;
- PACE-Net – the Pacific-EU dialogue on science and technology;
- ENRTP – a programme on environmental protection and the sustainable management of natural resources;
- Comenius and Leonardo Da Vinci – lifelong learning initiatives;
- BEST – a programme focusing on the protection of endangered birds and ecosystem services from coral reefs.
Under the 11th EDF, French Polynesia has been granted an indicative amount of €29.9 million for the period 2014-2020.