Fiji is a Pacific Island nation made up of more than 300 islands lying on the border between Polynesia and Melanesia. Its economy relies mainly on the sugar and tourism industries.
Political events, notably the coups of 1987, May 2000 and December 2006, have seriously hindered what has been a very promising economic development dynamic, leading to important losses in gross domestic product (GDP) growth, employment, investment and exports, as well as negative impacts on international development cooperation. Despite sugar cane is the main source of income for the country, it has experienced a continued declining in its production with strong negative effects on the population.
Following the 2006 military coup in Fiji, Council Decision 2007/641/EC was adopted to take appropriate measures in line with the article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement.
EU bilateral support to Fiji was suspended in October 2007, in line with Article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement. According to Appropriate Measures, the EU development assistance is channelled through non-governmental organisations. However, Fiji remains eligible to Regional and Thematic programmes.
Currently, the main source of funding to Fiji is the Accompanying Measures for Sugar Protocol (AMSP), focusing on social mitigation, building a more competitive sugar sector and agricultural diversification. Sugar production yield have been increased and farmers living the sugar sector have benefited from support to find alternative livelihoods.
The EU also supports civil society in Fiji and the democratisation process.