El Salvador

El Salvador

El Salvador

El Salvador has made significant progress in reducing poverty through the implementation of social policies especially in the areas of health and education. However, the country still faces several social, economic and security related challenges. Over the last 15 years, El Salvador has experienced modest economic growth with low levels of productivity, employment creation and investment. Progress has been made on democracy and the human rights situation but the country's political system and state institutions remain fragile. El Salvador is signatory of the EU-Central America Association Agreement, a comprehensive free trade agreement with the EU with a strong focus on development cooperation.

EU cooperation 2014-2020

For the period 2014-2020, the strategic objectives of the EU's cooperation with El Salvador are a continuation of those that have governed such activities in the country to date. Therefore EU support over the 2014–2020 period, with an allocation of €149 million, will be continue to be focused on  youth and social inclusion and private sector developmentIn addition, El Salvador continues benefiting during 2014-2020 from the EU sub-regional programme for Central America (increased to €120 million). The focal sectors of cooperation for the sub-regional programme have been updated to better respond to the Association Agreement and the emerging needs of the region, namely security and impunity, climate change and private sector development as a vehicle for generating employment opportunities.

EU cooperation 2007-2013

An indicative allocation of €121 million was earmarked for El Salvador in the period 2007–2013 under the EU for Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) for three sectors of intervention, namely social cohesion and human security and economic growth, regional integration and trade. El Salvador has benefited during 2007-2013 from the EU regional programme for Central America (€95 million) in the areas of regional economic integration, security and rule of law and climate change and disaster management.

The programme "Comunidades Solidarias" (PACSES), to which the EU provided €47 million, was set up by the Government to increase the provision of public services to the poorest and most vulnerable people. The programme was designed to reach over 13% of the total population (around 750 000 people), being women, children, young people at risk and the elderly the priority groups. The EU support to PACSES contributed to cover with a basic pension to an additional 42.70% of people older than 70, to provide with preventive medical care to 269.654  families, to set up 15 offices for the prevention of violence against women,   to cover 73.60 % of the population in the municipalities with access to drinking water and basic sanitation (6.4 % increase in coverage) and to provide with access to electricity to 88% of the population (6.1% increase in coverage).

The EU is committed to continue its support to the implementation of the "Plan Social 2014-2019" within the framework of the agreement on the 2014-2020 indicative programming of our cooperation

The EU also funded activities through EU thematic lines in the areas of human rights, food security, good governance and environment and co-finances projects with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and Local Authorities (LAs). There are around 30 on-going EU thematic projects and the total portfolio amounts to €12.1 million.



Key country statistics

  • Total population (2015): 6 127 000
  • Life expectancy (at birth) (2015): 68 years (male), 77 years (female)
  • Human Development Index - Medium human development (2014): 0.666
  • Population living below $1.90 a day (2013): 3.25%
  • Income share held by lowest 40% of income distribution (2013): 15.3%
  • Lower middle income country - Gross National Income per capita (2014): 3 115 US$ (constant 2005 US$)
  • Average Gross Domestic Product growth over 5 years (2010-2014): 1.9%

Selected results achieved with EU support through projects and programmes completed between mid-2014 and mid-2015

Trade and Private sector development

  • The National Accreditation body (Organismo Salvadoreño de Acreditación) is functioning and able to offer accreditation of all the ISO norms
  • The National Accreditation System for Multilateral Recognition Arrangements of test laboratories has been evaluated by the Inter-American Accreditation Cooperation (IAAC) and obtained recognition for the accreditation services at international level
  • The National Institute for Standardization (Organismo Salvadoreño de Normalización) is functioning and issuing ISO certifications

Public Finance Management

  • Tax as percentage of GDP increased by 2 points, up from 13.8% in 2009 to 15.8% in 2014

Good Governance and Human Rights

  • 440 polling stations have been established at national level, increasing the number of polling stations from 1 150 in 2012 to 1 590 in 2014, the year of presidential elections


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