A landlocked country in the heart of Central Africa, Chad is one of the world’s least developed countries (LDCs). A poor economic and social performance is largely due to the fragility of institutions and lack of implementation of the rule of law, both of which discourage private initiative. Besides, the Chadian economy is largely dependent on oil revenues which have severely decrease in recent years. Its population suffers also from the consequences of chronic malnutrition and food insecurity. Climate change consequences in the country are critical too.
The strategic objectives of the European Union for the 11th EDF are: 1. Accompany Chad in the implementation of the National Development Programme (NDP) 2013-2015 and its future development strategy, targeting particularly the most vulnerable segments of the population and youth, and the most deprived areas in terms of socio-economic development; and 2. Contribute to the consolidation of peace and the implementation of reforms to strengthen governance (justice, human rights, participation of civil society and citizens in public life, security, and public finance management). Three focal sectors are targeted: Food security, nutrition and rural development, Sustainable management of natural resources, Consolidation of the rule of law.
During 2015, the first five financing decisions under the 11th EDF NIP for Chad were taken by the Commission: Justice Reform (15M€), Pastoralism (20M€), Civil Society (12M€), Technical Cooperation Facility (4M€) and support to the National Authorising Officer (5 M€). Also, at the request of the Chadian Prime Minister, and in coordination with IMF and other international partners, an emergency support for a total amount of €50 million (including €22 million of budget support) was disbursed in December 2015 in order to help reduce the budgetary deficit – caused by declining oil revenues and increased expenditures related to the fight against terrorism – and facilitate Chad's attainment of the Heavily-Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPIC) completion point.
Chad is also among the countries benefiting from the EU emergency trust fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons
Implementation modalities: Programme/project approach and budget support.
All EU projects in Chad also address cross-cutting issues such as gender, environment and capacity building.
Some results on the 10th EDF:
- The A-envelope amounted 331M€ and the B envelope 37;
- Main implementation modality: Programme/project approach;
- Justice: finalisation of the draft Penal Code, judicial and correctional facilities;
- Achieving EITI compliance process in October 2014 (Rangoon Summit);
- Change the institutional and financial landscape of road maintenance thanks to the EU support and advocacy;
- Access to drinking water : the support of the EU counts for half of the progress towards the only attainable MDG for Chad; with ongoing projects this MDG could be reached by end 2015;
- Zakouma National Park management based on a public-private partnership;
- Large scale support to the local development plans and experience capitalisation in the sector.