Darfur has a long history of severe food shortages and cyclical episodes of drought. These have affected the livelihoods of the rural population and determined their coping mechanisms, including migration. Many people, including the landless and many internally displaced peoples, are highly dependent on seasonal employment in the agricultural sector. Moreover, the ongoing crisis in Darfur, which started in 2003, continues to generate enormous humanitarian and recovery needs. All these factors, including population growth and climate change, contribute to increasing the pressure on natural resources, jeopardising the sustainability of the environment.