Promoting integrated and sustainable solid waste management in Nepal

Promoting integrated and sustainable solid waste management in Nepal

Making various products from plastic wastes helped to reduce volume of waste generation to some extent, which is the best way to use leisure time rather than chatting with others on unproductive matters.

Mrs Saraswoti Shahi (70 years), Member of Save Environment Group

CONTEXT

With the increase in population and urbanisation, municipal waste has become a major challenge to the Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC). The Government of Nepal has taken various initiatives to solve solid waste management (SWM) related problems in the past but SWM has become a major challenge due to rapid population growth and urbanisation, and the municipal solid waste management has given inadequate attention by the government and the municipal authority concerned. The project aims at improving institutional capacity of the KMC in solid waste management policies, programmes and practices by serving a role model of an integrated sustainable solid waste management with strong motivation of replication at larger scale in the future, and cultivating source separation, reuse and proper collection of wastes at source and other initiatives to improving institutional capacity of the KMC.

OBJECTIVES

  • The main objective is to strengthen institutional capacity of the EMD/Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC) to promote integrated sustainable solid waste management policy and programme.
  • The project also aims to demonstrate prototype bio-methanation plant as a role model in promoting integrated sustainable solid waste management.
  • Build response capabilities of the EMD/KMC for sustainable waste management by applying 3R principles.
  • Increase awareness among public of the selected area to bring behavioural change in effective waste disposal practices.

RESULTS

  • A prototype bio-methanation plant with the capacity of 3 metric tons (MT) organic waste per day was installed and demonstrated at Teku transfer station. The plant composts and recycles waste water, generates 14 kWH of electricity and produces dry-compost.
  • The knowledge of the environment management division on sustainable waste management has increased, by promoting 3R principles of solid waste management. The project also contributed to improve policy, programme and finance for sustainable solid waste management practices.
  • Moreover, awareness among people has been significantly improved and has brought behavioural changes. A total of 15 Save Environmental Groups (SEGs), representing 530 HHs, 35 local institutions, retail shops, schools, slaughterhouses, etc. started practicing proper collection, source separation and application of 3R principles to manage wastes.

FACTS AND FIGURES

  • Project duration: Feb 2014 - March 2017
  • 15 Save Environment Groups have been created

TESTIMONY

Managing solid waste as a community

The project will install a full functional prototype bio-methanation plant with the capacity of 3 metric tons (MT) organic waste per day at solid waste transfer station in Teku, Kathmandu. The installation of bio-methanation plant will contribute to convert waste to energy and improve environmental conditions of Kathmandu by management of municipal wastes. It will protect the city from a degrading and unaesthetic environment, haphazard dumping of wastes, irritating smells etc.

It is creating save environment groups (SEGs) with local dwellers and mobilising existing local groups, clubs, schools, etc. to conduct regular interactions and meetings with community people for the management of solid wastes in order to improve the environment, as well as to demonstrate sustainable solid waste management practices.

The project encourages and trains to use 3R principles (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) of SWM practices. This approach is promoted to reduce the increasing costs associated with transfer of wastes to limited landfill sites and its management.