Northern Uplands - Piloting Climate Resilience (NU-PCR)

Northern Uplands - Piloting Climate Resilience (NU-PCR)

In Laos and throughout the world, adaptation of agricultural systems to climate change has become an imperative. The role of CCL, CARE and SAEDA is to provide support and expertise to upland smallholder farmers of Phongsaly by giving them all tools and knowledge required to take strategic decisions regarding the development and strengthening of sustainable and value-added livelihood activities.

Anthony GUEGUEN /CCL

CONTEXT

In Phongsaly province, upland smallholder farmers live and thrive from weather-dependent agriculture and ecosystems. Weather data analyses combined with farmers’ knowledge tend to show an increase of climate hazards such as stronger winds and storms, longer droughts or floods, forcing farmers to continuously improve and adapt their farming system to be more resilient to climate change. In this regard, agroforestry tea farming represents a strong opportunity to develop sustainable community's livelihoods while maintaining forest cover.

OBJECTIVES

  • Improved capacity of local stakeholders to assess, plan, and implement community-based adaptation (CBA) in a participatory and gender sensitive manner.
  • Improved community resilience through the implementation of climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) pilot interventions that benefit women in particular.
  • Comprehensive documentation informs mainstreaming and an enabling climate change policy environment for the Northern Uplands.

RESULTS

  • Strengthening of three local CSO’ competences, skills and awareness on climate change issues and especially on the setting up of Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA).
  • Improvement/ setting up of Climate based adaptation’ activities by government agencies at local levels.
  • Improvement of diversification agriculture activities at community level.
  • Improvement of long-term adaptation planning by district community-based organisations.
  • Production and dissemination of policy review and impact assessment related to climate change issues.
  • Setting up of a seasonal weather information system to support smallholder farmers in their seasonal livelihood activities’ planning.

FACTS AND FIGURES

  • 256 households benefited from training on the production of tea, tea seedlings and cardamom seedlings for starting their own production
  • 62 households benefited from training on Sustainable Rice System techniques and receive some inputs to start the production of organic fertilizers
  • 570 households received fruit trees seedlings to improve the diversification of livelihoods activities
  • 103 households benefited from training on the production of galangal with the provision of inputs
  • 101 households benefited from training on organic home gardening and receive some inputs to start their own garden
  • 38 households benefited from support to create new paddy fields

TESTIMONY

A CHANGE OF PERSPECTIVE

Mr. Bountong and his family own today several tea plots of a total area of two hectares. He works with his wife on the tea fields every day, except during the rice season and the coldest months of the year. Together they can harvest fourteen kilos of tea per day, which corresponds to two kilos of dry tea. In addition, Mr Bountong maintains several areas of wild tea trees. During March from June, he sells his planted tea for up to three hundred yuan per kilo (forty euros) and up to nine hundred yuan (one hundred twenty euros) for his wild tea: ensuring an annual income higher than five thousand euros.

"Tea production has changed everything for our village. Before, only pig raising enabled some income when we needed to buy rice or staple products. Today, every family of the village has comfortable income thanks to tea production."

- Mr. Bountong, Ban Sehopene.

"Now I see myself as a tea farmer and producer. I have money from selling tea that my husband gave to me. I can decide on what I want to buy, such as clothes and things for my children and myself. I am happy to have a proper house and motorbike. I can send three kids to school and have enough food and clothes for them."

- Ms. Samor, Ban Sehopene.