Nepal Climate Change Support Programme: Building Climate Resilience in Nepal

Nepal Climate Change Support Programme: Building Climate Resilience in Nepal

Local Adaptation Plan Action has really helped us to save our house and land, which otherwise would have been destroyed by flood this season.

Mr. Ram Prasad Yadav


Nepal is one of the most climate vulnerable countries in the world. It is ranked fourth in global risk index of the most vulnerable countries due to climate change. It is reported that more than 1.9 million people are highly vulnerable, and 10 million are at increasing risk from climate change in Nepal. The effects of climate change are being noticed, an example is the 2015 drought in Karnali region and the heavy precipitation. As a response to mitigate the climate-induced risks, government of Nepal (GoN) prepared and implemented a Climate Change Policy, a National Adaptation Programme of Action, and Framework on Local Adaptation Plans for Action (LAPA) in 2010 and 2011. Preparation of LAPAs was guided by the broad principles of bottom-up, inclusive, responsive and flexibility, following 7 steps approach as provided in the framework.


  • The ultimate objective was to enable the government to adopt climate change policies and actions that increase the benefits and sustainability of public as well as public-private development efforts.


  • The immediate objective was to build the capacity of the Government of Nepal to develop, cost, budget and implement evidence-based policy and measures aimed at mainstreaming climate change in key development sectors (agriculture, forestry, water and energy), including through public-private partnerships.


  • The project was implemented in 87 villages and 9 municipalities
  • 100 Local Adaptation Plans were implemented
  • More than 600 000 people benefited from the thousands of actions (2 303 actions)


Giving the tools to help fight climate change

The project was implemented in 87 Village development Committees (VDCs) and 9 Municipalities in 14 districts of Mid and Far-western regions of Nepal. Overall, 100 LAPs were implemented, a total of 2 303 adaptation actions against a target of 2 680 were implemented, benefitting more than 600 000 climate vulnerable community people directly or indirectly. The programme helped to develop adaptive capacity of community people and their understanding of  climate change issues. It also helped to increase their knowledge to articulate their problems and raise their voice to include climate change actions into local development planning. 

The confidence level of the community to fight against the impact of climate change was strengthened and secured. A total of 392 561 (44% women) vulnerable people, out of which about 2/3 from very high and high vulnerable groups directly benefited from various activities.  Out of the total, about 2/3 of beneficiaries have received irrigation facilities, livelihood improvement options and disaster safeguard infrastructures.

Furthermore, creation of institutional mechanisms at local level has significantly contributed to coordinate, plan, implement and monitor the adaptation actions reaching out to climate vulnerable people. They are provided with training such as Climate Change Adaptation, Gender Equality and Social Inclusion and Monitoring and Evaluation.

A total of 102 645 (43% women) that is nearly 26%  of the overall participants benefited from activities such as agriculture technology, irrigation facilities (canals, solar lifting, deep boring, sprinkler, drip, etc.) along with knowledge/ skill development activities that include training on farming of drought/flood resistant crops, inter-cropping, crop diversification linked with cash crop production. Through these adaption actions, vulnerable communities have improved their livelihoods and increased their food security.

"Last year we could not do anything and flood has washed our land where we used to grow crops. Slowly the flood has started to enter into our village. This year we are very happy that both our houses and land were saved from damaging due to construction of the gabion wall in the riverside." says Mr. Purna Bahadur Yadav, who lives in this village.