Jharkhand is one of the poorest states in India. According to the United Nations, almost 40 percent of the state's population lives below the poverty line and almost one in five children is malnourished. The majority of the population lives in rural areas with only limited access to public services like health care and education. The literacy rate in Jharkhand lies at 70 percent, which is below the national average of 75 percent.
The state has a high proportion of people belonging to Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes who often face discrimination and social exclusion.