The permission for Aktau municipal waste landfill operation expired in 2011 and the state authorities promised to open new waste management plant according to European standards. However, the reality was worse and worse. The project had significant delay and the waste management company kept using overfull landfill still in 2015. Closest family houses of fast growing town Baskuduk were only 50 meters far from the landfill. Constantly blowing wing was distributing garbage in surrounding steppe – and private gardens. Frequent fires polluted the air.
Local civic initiative Baisheshek carried out a public opinion survey, organized a public hearing with participation of the state authorities, and started a campaign against illegal operation of the industrial site in the mass media. After several months, the state authorities recognized the requirements and the landfill was closed down.
Another civic initiative, Zhas-Dauren, conducted the public awareness campaign. They explained their neighbours that organic part of the household waste can be composted and that quality of environment in the town can be improved by trees planting. Interested families could get tree seedlings for free and beautify their yards.