Border Management in Central Asia - Phase 9 (BOMCA 9)

Border Management in Central Asia - Phase 9 (BOMCA 9)

The workshop was very useful, productive and informative. For me as a border service officer the issue of identification and profiling is crucial. I significantly enriched my knowledge in interviewing techniques and will use the new experience in my duties.

Officer from the Kyrgyz Republic international border crossing points who participated in the workshop on identification and profiling technics for border agencies, organized by BOMCA in March 2016


The European Union sees Central Asia as one of the most strategically important regions. Trans-regional challenges such as human trafficking, trafficking of drugs, organised crime and terrorism influence the EU interests. Since border security is one of the key elements for stability of the whole region, in 2002 the EU developed a special Programme, the Border Management Programme in Central Asia (BOMCA), aimed at enhancing security, fighting against illegal trafficking and facilitating trade in Central Asia.


  • To sustain institutional development in the transition to more effective and efficient methods of border management.
  • To develop legal and procedural instruments, as well as advanced practices to manage regular and irregular migration at borders, in compliance with international norms and standards.
  • To introduce measures to improve the efficiency of border checks and procedures facilitating licit trade and transit of goods and countering various forms of smuggling.


  • Nearly 7 000 officials have participated in various training courses throughout all the phases of BOMCA.
  • Halfway through implementation of BOMCA 9, over 900 people from all Central Asian countries have participated in more than 60 events of different scale - regional and national seminars and workshops, advisory missions and study visits to the European countries.


  • All five Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) are beneficiaries of the project.
  • BOMCA 9 is the 9th phase of BOMCA and builds upon the achievements of the previous phases.


View on BOMCA from the Kyrgyz Republic

"Central Asian countries as well as the world at large are facing a number of ambiguous and multifactor security challenges and threats, addressing of which requires the consolidated efforts of politicians, diplomats and international experts.

"At the beginning of 2000, the European Union began to actively cooperate with the Central Asian states, including the Kyrgyz Republic, on regional security and countering transnational threats. This cooperation resulted in the development and implementation of one of the largest EU-funded programmes in the Central Asia region, namely, BOMCA.

"During the more than 10 years of the programme's history in Kyrgyzstan and in the region as a whole, I can say that BOMCA diligently sought the best and most innovative ways to strengthen the capacity of its beneficiaries through technical support, institutional development and improvement of professional skills and the capacity of agencies involved in border management issues." Rayimberdi Duishenbiev, Major General, Head of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Kyrgyz Republic