Short overview of the labour market

 

North Rhine-Westphalia borders Lower Saxony to the north and north-east, Hesse to the south-east, Rhineland-Palatinate to the south and Belgium and the Netherlands to the west. With almost 18 million inhabitants, it is the most populous of all the federal states, and the fourth-largest in terms of surface area. Of Germany’s 80 largest cities, 29 are located in North Rhine-Westphalia. The Rhine-Ruhr conurbation in the heart of the state, with around ten million inhabitants, is one of the 30 largest metropolitan areas in the world. The state capital is Düsseldorf.

The number of jobs subject to social security contributions in North Rhine-Westphalia rose with respect to the previous month according to the preliminary, seasonally adjusted, extrapolated data of the Federal Employment Agency. Without seasonal adjustment, the number of jobs subject to social security contributions in December was 7 080 700. In the year-on-year comparison between sectors, the predominant picture was of growth across the board. The information and communication sector saw the highest increase, with growth of 4.2%. In North Rhine-Westphalia, the biggest drop was recorded in the sector of temporary work (-11.5%).

Employment trends compared to the previous year show a more nuanced picture in the districts of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia in June 2019: trends range from an increase in employment of 3.8% (05166 Viersen) to a decrease of 1.0% (05512 Bottrop, City).

The unemployment rate in North Rhine-Westphalia was 6.7%.

Without seasonal adjustment, unemployment in February 2020 increased compared to the same month last year by around 12 700 or 2.0% to 654 700 in North Rhine-Westphalia. Compared to the same month last year, male unemployment in February 2020 increased by 11 400 or 3.2%, whilst female unemployment rose by 1 300 or 0.5%.

The proportion of unemployed women in the reporting month was 43.6%; in the same month last year it was 44.3%.

The number of reported available jobs in February fell by 300, seasonally adjusted, compared to the previous month, after a seasonally adjusted rise of 400 in the previous month. Without seasonal adjustment, the number of jobs in February is 144 200. Year on year, this represents a reduction of 20 800 or 12.6%.

The changes in entrants are a better indicator for businesses’ willingness to hire than the changes in existing numbers. In the seasonally and calendar adjusted previous month comparison, the number of reported jobs in February fell by 300. Without seasonal and calendar adjustment, 36 600 jobs were newly reported in North Rhine-Westphalia in February, a reduction of 9 000 or 19.7% compared to the same month last year.

© Statistics from the Federal Employment Agency – February 2020

 

Sources used

Where are the available jobs?

 

There were on average 3.1 unemployed applicants for each reported job vacancy in North Rhine-Westphalia, compared with a national average of 2.3.

In the following occupational categories there were more vacancies than qualified unemployed persons:

© Statistics from the Federal Employment Agency – October 2019

 

Where are the available workers?

 

The following are the main occupational categories in which there is currently a surfeit of qualified unemployed persons:

© Statistics from the Federal Employment Agency – October 2019

 

Statistics