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Germany - Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Short overview of the labour market

 

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania has a population of around 1.6 million inhabitants and an area of some 23 180 square kilometres. This means that it has the lowest density of all the German Länder, and the population is declining. People aged 40 to 65 form the largest age group. Schwerin is the state capital. 

In August 2016, the unemployment rate in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania was 9.0 %, the national rate being 6.1 %. This represents a year-on-year decrease of 0.6 %. In terms of its unemployment rate, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania is 13th in Germany.  

In June 2016, a total of 559 000 people were employed in jobs subject to social security deductions. This represented a year-on-year increase of 1.0 %.

The main sources of employment were:

  • Wholesale and retail trade; maintenance and repair of motor vehicles
  • Manufacturing (in particular of metals and electrical equipment)
  • Residential care and social work activities

In percentage terms, the strongest jobs growth between June 2015 and June 2016 was recorded in the following sectors:

  • Manufacturing (in particular: manufacture of consumer goods (+ 5.5 %)
  • Manufacturing (in particular: manufacture of chemical products and plastic products) (+ 3.7 %)
  • Residential care and social work activities (+ 4.0 %)

Financial and insurance activities saw again the number of jobs fall by 3.3 %.

Because of its coastal location, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania has a significant maritime economy, comprising fishing and fish-farming, shipbuilding, maritime transport and port services. In spite of severe job losses in the 1990s, shipbuilding at the Wismar, Rostock, Stralsund and Wolgast yards is still a mainstay of the regional economy. The most important industrial sector in the state is the food industry, with a workforce of approximately 16 000; it generates more than a third of the total turnover from manufacturing. 

Biotechnology continued to gain ground. The region of Greifswald, Rostock and Teterow has already established itself as a location for biotechnology businesses. Tourism also plays a significant role. The state government has declared the following sectors to be support priorities: the food industry, the maritime industries, healthcare, agriculture, life sciences, environmental technology and information technology.

The largest companies in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania include Rostock-based Aida Cruises, HELIOS Kliniken and Deutsche Bahn AG.

Text last edited on: 03/2017


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