Living and working conditions

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Finding a job

How to find a job


Remember that to work in Spain you must speak Spanish. Apart from the EURES network, the main job search systems are:

PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICES. The Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal - SEPE [Spain’s National Public Employment Service] and the employment services run by the Autonomous Communities have a nationwide network of employment offices. To register you must be over 16, have a valid identity card or passport and have an address. When filling in much of your personal and professional information, the employment service will ask you for documentary proof of that information (qualifications, work contracts, etc.). 

Addresses of employment offices can be found in the telephone directory or on the SEPE website, which has links to all the public employment services run by the Autonomous Communities. Most of these websites provide information on job vacancies, training courses and job-seeking guides. ‘Empléate’ [get employed] is a virtual mediation site which can be accessed from the SEPE website.

PLACEMENT AGENCIES, RECRUITMENT AGENCIES AND TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES. Public employment services are not the only ones operating on the job market: Placement agencies, which must be licensed by the public employment services and provide services free of charge, may also act as intermediaries on the labour market, as may specialised personnel recruitment firms that usually advertise their vacancies in the press and on the internet.

Temporary employment agencies, always identified by the initials ETT, hire workers directly and then assign them to user companies which manage and oversee the work to be carried out. They are especially useful for those seeking temporary work.

THE MEDIA. All Spanish national, regional and provincial newspapers have a daily section for job vacancies, although most job vacancies are published in the Sunday papers. Television channels and radio stations have specific programmes devoted to employment. One example is the well-known television programme called ‘Aquí hay trabajo’, which is broadcast from Monday to Friday at 09.30 on channel 2 (RTVE). There are other employment-related programmes broadcast on regional channels.

INTERNET AND APPLICATIONS (apps). Companies are increasingly turning to the internet to advertise their employment vacancies. Companies usually advertise their vacancies on their websites under ‘Recursos Humanos’ [human resources], ‘Empleo’ [employment] or under ‘Trabaja para nosotros’ [‘Work for us’].

The world of applications (apps) is currently expanding very quickly. Companies are not only seeking to improve the usefulness of their websites, but sometimes even replace their sites with a view to expanding and improving access for users wherever they are.

NETWORKING. Personal contacts and networking are very useful when looking for work. If you have friends or family in Spain, it is a good idea to mention that you are looking for work because many job vacancies are filled through such contacts and referrals. It may also be worthwhile participating in professional online forums, since social networks are playing an increasingly important role in active job search strategies in Spain.

PUBLIC SECTOR. If your aim is to work in the public sector, you must consult the notices for open competitions published in the official state gazettes [Boletín Oficial del Estado] of the autonomous regions and provinces. You can also obtain information on open competitions from the Spanish government website ‘Portal del Ciudadano’ [Citizens’ Portal].


Text last edited on: 01/2020

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