Umbria’s resident population in 2017 was 888 908 (426 959 men and 461 949 women).

The labour market in Umbria has suffered a heavy contraction in employment and a sharp rise in unemployment in recent years as a result of the crisis. After a recovery phase in 2015, employment started declining again in 2016, partly as a result of the earthquake that struck the region.

Growth in this region (+0.2 %) is lower than the national average (+1.2 %) and that of central Italy (+1.1).

In 2017, the unemployment rate rose to 10.5 % (+1.0 points), more than double the pre-crisis figure (4.8 %).

The employment rate is 62.9 % (+0.2 points).  The number of people in employment rose in services (175 000, +5 000, equal to 61.7 % of the region's total) and to a lesser extent in agriculture (14 000, +1 000, compared to 2008). On the other hand, a contraction was recorded in construction (22 000, -2 000), a sector that has lost no less than 12 000 jobs since 2008, in manufacturing (71 000, -2 000), which was also hit by the crisis (12 000 fewer jobs than in 2008) and in commerce, accommodation and food services (72 000, -2 000) this being the sector most affected by the consequences of the earthquake, yet currently close to 2008 levels (-1 000 workers).

In 2017, as in the previous year, there was a replacement of self-employment with employment, a phenomenon at least partly due to the recent legislative changes.  More precisely, self-employment has been replaced by fixed-term employment. Indeed, the growth of employed work concerned only fixed-term contracts.

The rise in unemployment in 2017 concerned both the short-term unemployed (21 000, +3 000) and the long-term unemployed (21 000, +2 000).

A slight increase was recorded in male employment (198 000, +1 000) the gender so far hardest hit by the economic crisis. Female employment fell slightly (156 000, -1 000) and is currently at -4 000 compared to the pre-crisis level.

Young people continue to pay the highest price from the onset of the crisis. Employment of 25-34 year-olds has fallen by 29 000 people and that of 15-24 year-olds by 8 000. At the same time, unemployment increased by 8 000 and 3 000 people respectively in the two groups. The number of job opportunities has certainly fallen for these age groups, owing both to the decline in production, and the fall in generational turnover caused by the pension reform, which meant that people on the verge of retirement stayed in employment and thus prevented younger people from entering the labour market.

Among young people under 30 years of age, the unemployment rate stands at 25.9 %, unchanged from 2016.

In the past, regional unemployment, apart from affecting disproportionately women and young people, also affected people with higher educational qualifications. However, the crisis affected most heavily individuals with low education levels, and currently, unemployment is highest amongst people with only primary school (13.8 %) or middle school education (14.7 %).


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