Labour market information

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Italy - Umbria

Short overview of the labour market


Umbria’s resident population on 1 January 2017 was 888 908 (426 959 men and 461 949 women). 

After a positive first quarter, employment levels in the region started to decrease again, while unemployment went up slightly. Indeed, during the second quarter of 2017, the number of people in employment was 353 000, down by 2 000 people from the same period of 2016 (-0.8%).

The decline only affected self-employment (88 000, -6 000) and was partly offset by the concurrent growth in employed workers (264 000, +3 000). 

The job losses occurred in the following sectors: manufacturing (69 000, -5 000); trade, hotels and restaurants (70 000, -5 000); construction (20 000, -4 000). In contrast, employment increased in other services (180 000, +10 000) and, to a lesser degree, in agriculture (14 000, +3 000).

The decline of employment in trade was caused solely by the self-employed component, while in manufacturing and in construction the decline was mainly in employed work.

As a consequence of these trends, the employment rate of Umbria dropped by half a point, to 62.5%. 

The fall in employment was accompanied by a slight increase in unemployment, reaching 41 000, 1 000 people more than in the same period of 2016. 

Thus, the unemployment rate climbed again to 10.5% (+0.5% on an annual basis).

The fall in employment affected men (-1.2%) more than women (-0.4%), who in many cases went from self-employment to employed work. By sector, the strongest decline in male employment was in construction and to a lesser extent manufacturing; for women, job losses were limited to trade, hotels and restaurants. 

Thus, while the men’s employment situation in Umbria worsened, the women’s situation remained largely unchanged, although female unemployment remains much higher than men’s.

For the women of Umbria, the employment situation is worse than the average for central Italy, on account of higher unemployment (12.1% against 10.5% in central Italy), and of lower employment (55% against 55.6%); in contrast, the men’s situation is in line with the average for the central regions.

Text last edited on: 03/2018

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