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Poland - Swietokrzyskie

Short overview of the labour market

 

The Świętokrzyskie Province, one of the smallest provinces in Poland, is located in the central-southern part of the country. It covers an area of 11 711 km2, which constitutes 3.7% of Poland's surface area. At the end of 2018, it was inhabited by 1 241 546 people; i.e. fewer by 6 186 (0.5%) people than at the end of 2017. Women constitute a majority of the Świętokrzyskie Province's population (51.2%), and the percentage of people living in rural areas (55.1%) is higher than the percentage of urban dwellers. The population density is 106 people/km2 (123 persons/km2 for the country). 60.5% of the province's inhabitants are of working age.

The economic situation of the province in 2018 is still favourable. Industrial output sold in March 2019 reached the value (in current prices) of PLN 2665.9m and was (in constant prices) by 12.9% higher than in the previous year and by 11.6% higher than in the previous month. Production sold in industrial processing, accounting for 86.6% of industrial production, increased by 12.3% as compared to March 2018.

Construction and assembly production (in current prices) in March 2019 was at the level of PLN 157.9 million and constituted 42.2% of the total production of sold construction industry. As compared to February 2019, construction and assembly production increased by 7.2%, and as compared to March 2018 – by 50,5%. A high increase in construction and assembly production on a yearly basis occurred in all the construction departments, including the highest one in entities specializing in the construction of civil engineering facilities by 76.5%.

The largest companies in the Świętokrzyskie province are: ROVESE S.A. Capital Group (manufacturer of products for bathroom decoration and furnishings), NSG Group w Polsce Sp. z o.o. (Pilkington glass production and processing), BARLINEK SA (parquet and floor panel production), ZPUE Capital Group (solutions for power engineering), MESKO SA (ammunition and rocket production), CELSA Huta Ostrowiec Sp. z o.o., Zakłady Górniczo-Metalowe 'Zębiec' (manufacture of central heating for heating houses, products for construction, drilling and casting), MAN Bus Sp. z o.o. (production of buses), NSK Bearings Polska S.A. (production of bearings), KOLPORTER Sp. z o.o. (press distribution), Pod Telegrafem S.A. (production of bakery, confectionery and delicatessen products) and VIVE TEXTILE RECYCLING (textile recycling). The largest foreign investors in the province are companies from Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan, Belgium and the USA.

According to data for the end of the first quarter of 2019 the labour force participation rate in Świętokrzyskie province stood at 54.2% and was higher by 0.5% than in the first quarter of 2018. The share of the population in the total population of the Świętokrzyskie province was 54.9%, and also lower than in the country (56.1%). As for division by sex, the recorded economic activity rate was still significantly higher for men – 63% against 45.9% for women. The employment rate was 51.5%, so it was higher than the rate for the first quarter 2018 (2.2%) and lower than the country indicator (54.0%). According to the LFS, the unemployment rate for the province was 5.0% and was lower by 3.1% than in the first quarter 2018 (7.5%), standing at 4.6% for men and 5.5% for women.

At the end of the first quarter of 2019, there were 44 542 people in the labour offices. At the end of the year, the unemployment rate recorded in the Świętokrzyskie province was 8.3%, a decrease of 0.8% from the year before. The unemployment rate for the country was 5.9% (a decrease of 0.7%). In the counties, the unemployment rate was as follows: Busko-Zdrój county 3.8%, Jędrzejów county 7.5%, the city of Kielce 5.5%, Starachowice county 8.1%, Włoszczowa county 6.4%, Kielce county 11.0%, Pińczów county 6.6%, Ostrów county 11.3%, Sandomierz county 6.6%, Końskie county 11.6%, Kazimierza Wielka county 6.9%, Opatów 12.8%, Staszów county 7.1%, Skarżysko-Kamienna county 15.5%.

The intensity of population losses in the province in 2018 was the highest in Poland, as a result of the acceleration of both natural and migratory losses. In terms of natural losses, the province was ranked second, while the third in terms of migratory losses: they amounted to -3.1 and -2.0 per 1000 (only the Łódzkie Province recorded a higher natural loss, the Lubelskie Province and the Warmińsko-Mazurskie Province recorded a higher migratory loss as a result of permanent change of residence). In almost all the counties of the Świętokrzyskie Province there was a negative natural growth and migration losses, with the exception of the Kielce county, which in both cases recorded positive values. The strongest depopulation processes take place in the counties of Skarżysko, Opatów and Ostrowiec.

 

Text last edited on: 09/2019


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