Labour market information

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Poland - Slaskie

Short overview of the labour market


The surface area of the Śląskie Province (Silesia) is 12 300 km2. It has a population of 4.5 million. Silesia is the 14th largest province in Poland in terms of surface area and it has the second highest number of inhabitants. The province’s population density is the highest in the country at 368 persons per 1 km2. There are as many as 71 cities and towns with a total of 3.5 million inhabitants. The province’s capital is the city of Katowice (295 000 inhabitants). Other major agglomerations include: Częstochowa, Sosnowiec, Gliwice, Zabrze, Bytom, Bielsko-Biała, Ruda Śląska, Rybnik, Tychy, Dąbrowa Górnicza and Chorzów. Rural areas are located mainly in the Częstochowa and Bielsko subregions.

Silesia is the most industrialised province in Poland and one of the most industrialised areas in Europe. A total of 475 900 companies are located here. The coal sector and the steel sector continue to play an important role in the Province’s economy. The power, motor, textile and chemical industries also have a significant position in the Province. The most important employers are, among others: Polska Grupa Górnicza, Jastrzębska Spółka Węglowa S.A., Kopex Group, Farmacol S.A., Magneti Marelli Aftermarket Sp. z o.o., Famur S.A., Mostostal Zabrze S.A., ArcelorMittal Poland, Metro Group, TAURON Polska Energia S.A., Elektrobudowa S.A., Grupa Żywiec S.A., Kompania Piwowarska S.A., FCA Poland, General Motors Poland, ROSOMAK S.A., Capgemini.

Apart from its high position in the industry sector, the Province also has a well-developed tourist sector. There are many winter sports centres, tourist bases, spas and boarding houses in the south – in the Beskid Śląski and Beskid Żywiecki areas. They offer employment in hotel and food services. The Śląskie Province is also an important educational centre with 35 higher education institutions.

In the first quarter of 2019 the economic activity rate was 52.4%. The employment rate in the corresponding period was 50.7%.

In May 2019, 75 400 unemployed people were registered with the labour offices, and the unemployment rate registered as at the end of May 2019 was 4%. The unemployment rate in the province is highly diverse. It was 1.5% in Katowice. In Bytom, by contrast, the level of this rate reached 8.8%. According to the LFS, in the first quarter of 2019, the unemployment rate was 3.1% (the rate stood at 2.1% for men and 4.3% for women).

Nearly 197 000 vacancies and places of occupational activation were reported to labour offices in the province in 2018. Most of the vacancies were from the following sectors: administrative and support service activities (57 600), manufacturing industry (36 300) and construction (25 600).

As part of the EURES network, majority of the vacancies were from employers in Central and Eastern European countries, i.e. the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Bulgaria, Romania. Employers most often searched for candidates for positions related to transport (truck driver in international transport) and trade (sales specialist, export manager). Candidates were required to have professional qualifications and knowledge of Polish or other foreign languages.


Text last edited on: 09/2019

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