Labour market information

Print this page

Poland - Warminsko-Mazurskie

Short overview of the labour market


The Warmińsko-Mazurskie (Varmia-Masuria) Province is located in the north-eastern part of Poland. Thanks to its outstanding natural features it is considered one of Poland's most beautiful regions. The capital of the province: Olsztyn (over 173 000 inhabitants), other cities: Elbląg (almost 120 900 inhabitants), Ełk (61 500 inhabitants). 31.4 % of the province's area is covered by forests, 6% by waters and 46.3% by farmlands. With an area of over 24 000 km², Warmińsko-Mazurskie is Poland’s fourth largest province.

At the end of 2018, the population of the Warmińsko-Mazurskie province numbered 1 428 983 people, i.e. 4 962 fewer than in the previous year. The province’s population amounted to 3.7% of the total population of Poland. The population density was 59 persons per 1 km2 (last but one for the country). The province’s urban population was 59%. Women slightly outnumbered men in the total population at the end of 2018 (51.1%). 2018 saw a positive population growth (1 286) in the Warmińsko-Mazurskie Province. In the preceding year, this indicator was negative and amounted to 110. The birth rate in 2018 was -0.09% compared to 0.08% in 2017.

The leading sectors in the province's economy are: tourism, organic food production, timber industry, machinery and equipment production with the use of clean industrial technologies and renewable energy sources, ecological forestry, yacht manufacture and ecotourism. The following areas are considered to be of key importance to the province’s development: food industry focused on the production of high quality food, furniture and wood industry, and water economics (seeking to explore the province’s water resources such as lakes, rivers and the Vistula Lagoon for business purposes).

According to the data as of the end of April 2019, 128 285 national economy entities are registered in the province, 95.7% of which are private sector entities and 3.9% belong to the public sector. Most of the entities are registered in the following sectors: wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles (19.4%), construction (12.8%), real estate activities (9.4%), and the rest of service activities (8.3%)

'Michelin Polska' Sp. z o.o. (production of tyres in Olsztyn) is the biggest employer with over 4 700 employees. Other major employers in the province: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn employing 2.8 thousand people; (production of feed for farm animals) – 1 500; BRW COMFORT Sp. z o.o. (furniture production) – 1 478; Wojewódzki Szpital Zespolony w Elblągu (Regional Hospital in Elbląg) – 1 450; Szynaka Meble Sp. z o.o. (furniture production) – 1 400; Zakłady Produkcyjno Usługowe Prawda Sp. z o.o. (furniture production) – 1 200; ANIMEX FOODS Sp. z o.o. (production of meat products) – 1 100; INDYKPOL SA (processing and preserving of poultry meat) – 1 000; DFM Sp. z o.o. and PAGED SKLEJKA SA (production of furniture and wood-based boards) – approx. 927.

The labour force participation rate in the first quarter of 2019 in the province amounted to 52.1% (compared to the corresponding period of 2018, the rate decreased by 1.6% in the country, while the rate was much higher, i.e. 55.9% (in the first quarter of 2018 it was 56%). The employment rate in the first quarter of 2019 was one of the lowest in the country at 49.6% (a decrease by 0.6% compared to the first quarter of 2018), while in Poland it was 53.7% (the level from last year was maintained).

At the end of the first quarter of 2019, 53 708 persons were unemployed in the province. As compared to March 2018, unemployment in the Warmińsko-Mazurskie Province decreased by 7 122 persons, i.e. by 11.7%. The unemployment rate as of the end of March of 2019 was 10.4% compared to the national average of 5.9%. Compared to the year-earlier period, the unemployment rate fell by 0.7% for the country and by 1.4% for the province. According to the LFS, the unemployment rate as of the end of the first quarter of 2019 was 4.9% (a decrease of 1.5% compared to the first quarter of 2018), compared to the national average of 3.9% (a decrease of 0.3%). According to the LFS, the unemployment rate for the first quarter of 2019 was 6.0% for women (6.2% in the first quarter of 2018) and 4.0% for men (6.6% in the first quarter of 2018), 4.7% for cities and 5.3% for rural areas (compared to the 2018 figures of 5.7% for cities and 7.4% for rural areas).


Text last edited on: 09/2019

Are you satisfied with the information provided on this page?