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Poland - Pomorskie

Short overview of the labour market


The Pomorskie Province (Pomerania) is situated by the Baltic Sea. Its surface area is over 18 000 km2, which constitutes approx. 6% of Poland’s surface area. The city of Gdańsk is the province’s capital. The province has a population of around 2.3 million; the vast majority of the population lives in urban areas. The Pomeranian labour market is closely related to the state of the economy. The favourable economic situation in the country and in the province translates into an increasingly better situation on the Pomeranian labour market.

At the end of May 2019, there were 46 800 unemployed persons registered with labour offices (a drop by 2 500, i.e. by 5,5%, as compared to May 2018). The registered unemployment rate at the end of May 2019 was 4.6% (0.4% lower than the year before and 0.8% lower than the unemployment rate for Poland). In the period from January to May 2019, 43 500 job vacancies and occupational activation places were reported to labour offices in the Province (merely 9.3% less than in the corresponding period of 2018).

According to the LFS, in the first quarter of 2019 both the economic activity rate and the employment rate for the Pomorskie Province were higher than the rates for Poland and amounted to 58.7% (55.9% for Poland) and 57% (53.7 % for Poland), respectively, for people aged 15 and above. In the case of both indicators, the province recorded an increase in comparison with the first quarter of 2018 (the labour force participation rate increased by 1.3% and the employment rate increased by 1.6%). There was also a significant increase in salaries and wages – the average monthly gross remuneration in the enterprise sector in 2018 amounted to PLN 4916.59 (an increase of over 6% compared to 2017).

Pomerania's attractiveness for investors is above average and the Province's position in this respect is stable. Workforce and high quality of life are among the province's greatest assets. The highest degree of concentration of economic activity is within the Tri-City Metropolitan Area (Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot, together with neighbouring counties). In the province there are also many attractive investment municipalities and cities, such as Słupsk, Tczew, Kwidzyn and Lębork. Companies which have located there include: Scania, E.ON Sverige, Gino Rossi, Curver, Flextronics International, Eaton Trucks, Gemalto, Molex, Tapflo, Alteams and International Paper Kwidzyn.

Key sectors

Services, industry and construction are the driving force behind the Pomeranian economy, and two dynamically developing ports in Gdynia and Gdańsk support the development of trade. The main branches of industry in the Pomorskie Province are: shipbuilding, wood and paper, petroleum and electrical engineering industries. The food industry is also traditionally one of the leading sectors of the province, although agriculture is much less important than other sectors. The ICT (Information and Communication Technology), BSS (Business Service Sector), logistics, biotechnology, electronics and automotive have the greatest development potential.

Modern business services

Tri-City is one of the best locations for modern business services in Poland. There are 145 centres of modern business services, which employ over 25 thousand people. The vast majority of these centres specialise in IT and R&D services (ITO centres) and financial processes.

Modern business service centres operating in the Tri-City include:

- American:

e.g. State Street, Intel Technology, Sony Pictures, Thomson Reuters, Amazon, Jeppesen, Synopsys, ManpowerGroup, Staples, Airhelp, Acxiom, Quad Graphics;

- Scandinavian:

Arla, Kemira, Hempel Paints, Unifeeder, Metsa, Seagul, DNV GL, Nordic Services, Marine Harvest;

- German:

Bayer, ThyssenKrupp, Lufthansa Systems, Adva Optical Networking;

- Austrian:

Swarovski, Competence Call Center;

- Belgian:

Eurofins Digital Testing;



- Spanish:

Geoban (member of Santander Group);

- French:

Sii, Atos, Intitek, Playsoft;

- Dutch:

Wolters Kluwer, Goyello, Travactory, Smart4aviation;

- Indian:

Wipro, WNS;

- Japanese:

FujiFilm, Ricoh.

Maritime sector

Specialised shipbuilding (shipbuilding sector) currently employs more than 32 000 people. There are 3600 companies in the sector, many of which are one-man operations.

The largest companies include Grupa Remontowa (e.g. ship repairs and construction of new vessels, such as PSV marine mining supply ships, Arctic container ships or LNG-powered ferries), Crist (among others, construction of heavy lift jack-up vessels), Energomontaż-Północ Gdynia (EPG), Mostostal Pomorze (e.g. construction of steel structures for the maritime industry), Nauta (e.g. ship repairs), GSG Towers (wind towers), Rolls Royce (production of deck winches, engine servicing). The Polish yacht industry is developing equally dynamically. In the Tri-City area there are about 40 companies from the yacht sector, the most important of which are Sunreef Yachts, Galeon, Admiral Boats and Conrad Shipyard.

Logistics sector

Pomerania has a unique logistic potential resulting from its excellent geographical location, which makes it a transport hub for Central and Eastern Europe. Thanks to two dynamically developing ports in Gdańsk and Gdynia and constantly expanding logistics facilities, Pomerania is also growing into a port hub that serves all types of cargo and all directions of the world. Three modern and dynamically developing container terminals: The Baltic Container Terminal (BCT), Gdynia Container Terminal (GCT) and Deepwater Container Terminal Gdańsk (DCT) have recorded record-breaking transhipments.

ICT sector

In total, 129 companies operate in the sector, employing at least 10 people. The largest one is Intel, which currently employs about 2 500 persons. The second place is occupied by outsourcing companies, the largest of which is French Sii. Employing approx. 8 600 persons, this is the second largest employer in the IT sector in northern Poland.

Biotechnology and light chemical sector

There are about 30 companies operating in the sector that specialise in molecular biology (A&A Biotechnology, EURx), medical devices used in oncology, infectious diseases and transplantology (Blirt), cosmetics (Ziaja, Oceanic, Farmix Pharmaceutical Laboratory, Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Laboratory Femi, Cosmetic Loton Company, Cooperative Labour Company, Inventia Polish Technologies), laboratory diagnostics (Invicta), microbiological tests (J.S. Hamilton Poland), pharmacy (Laboratorium Farmaceutyczne Labofarm, Zakłady Farmaceutyczne Polpharma, Polpharma Biologics, Przedsiębiorstwo Produkcji Farmaceutyczno-Kosmetycznej Profarm), detergents (Przedsiębiorstwo Innowacyjno-Wdrożeniowe Impuls).

There are also large companies in the heavy chemicals sector, such as Lotos Group (fuel refinery, manufacturer of lubricants and bitumens) and Gdańskie Zakłady Nawozów Fosforowych Fosfory (manufacturer of fertilisers).

The automotive sector presently has two automotive research centres. They are located by the manufacturing plants of the Eaton conglomerate in Tczew (Eaton Truck Components and Eaton Automotive). Other automotive component suppliers are Delphi, Gardner and NordGlass. Słupsk has two automotive partnerships: Scania and Kapena.


Text last edited on: 09/2019

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