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Poland - Podkarpackie

Short overview of the labour market


The Podkarpackie Province borders Ukraine and Slovakia. GDP per capita scores among the lowest in Poland. Podkarpackie has the highest ratio of people living in rural areas – 58.9% as compared to other regions. Its agricultural character remains in contrast with the development of its towns and cities. The main city of the province – Rzeszów (191 500 inhabitants) is the centre for trade and services, industry and education sectors. An airport in Jasionka functions as a permanent border crossing. The province consists of 21 counties and 4 cities with the rights of urban counties. It covers the area of 17 800 km2 and it is inhabited by 2.1 million people who are mostly young. The average gross monthly remuneration is one of the lowest in Poland.

At the end of 2018, 174 800 businesses were registered here. The main types of business activities included: wholesale and retail trade, construction, industrial processing, as well as professional, scientific and technical activities. Industrial sectors of the Province include agri-food, electromechanical and chemical industries. Big plants continue to follow the tradition of the aeronautics industry. Apart from aeronautics, there are also biotechnological, pharmaceutical, tourist, IT (programming) and iron casting industry enterprises.  Main employers – Pratt & Whitney Rzeszów S.A., BSH Sprzęt Gospodarstwa Domowego Sp. z o.o. (Zelmer), Asseco Poland S.A., ICN Polfa Rzeszów S.A., Greinplast Sp. z o.o., Nestlé Polska S.A. Rzeszów branch, Firma Oponiarska T.C. Dębica S.A.

Businesses that have a special impact on the province's economic growth include those operating in the special economic zone in Mielec (Polskie Zakłady Lotnicze Sp. z o.o., a subsidiary of Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, MTU Aero Engines Polska, BorgWarner Poland, Lear Corporation Poland II, Kirchhoff Polska, BRW, Goodrich Aerospace Poland, Husqvarna Poland o. Mielec, Hamilton Sundstrand Polska – United Technologies corporation). The SEZ subzone operates as the Euro-Park Mielec Rzeszów-Dworzysko. It is located in the vicinity of the Rzeszów-Jasionka airport. Rzeszów-Dworzysko are companies associated with the aviation industry, electrical machinery (including automotive) and I&T such as MTU Aero Engines, Borg Warner, OpTeam, ZELNAR, Goodrich. Plants located in the Tarnobrzeg Special Economic Zone include Pilkington Atomotive Poland Sp. z o.o., BK Glass Sp. z o.o. and KOMA Stahlbau Sp. z o.o. Other companies include: Uniwheels Production Poland (Stalowa Wola), Sanfarm or Zakłady Metalowe Dezamet (Nowa Dęba) and Olimp Laboratories Sp. z o.o. (Debica), Southco (Tajęcina), Cadworks Systems or BigCom (Rzeszów).

In the first quarter of 2019 the Podkarpackie Province had a lower economic activity rate by 0.8% than in the first quarter of 2018, which amounted to 53.9%. The economic activity of the population was diversified by gender, age and education and by city – village. A higher economic activity rate was recorded for men (compared to women) and for urban dwellers (compared to rural dwellers). In the Podkarpackie province, the labour force participation rate was lower than in Poland by 2 percentage points. In the first quarter of 2019 the employment rate in the province was the same as in the first quarter of 2018. It was 50.9%, which was lower by 2.8% in comparison to the country.

The registered unemployment rate in May 2019 was 8.1%. The unemployment rate was the highest in the following counties: Nisko county (15,5%), Lesko county (14,6%), Bieszczady county (14,3%), Brzozów and Strzyżów counties (12,8% each) and Przemyśl county (12,7%). The lowest in Krosno (2.5%), Mielec county (4%), Stalowa Wola county(4.8%), Dębica county (4.9%) and in Rzeszów (5%). The set of counties with the highest unemployment intensity always contains the same administrative units, which does not mean that the percentage value of the rate always determines the same ranking.

According to the LFS in the first quarter of 2019, the unemployment rate was 5.5% and was lower by 1.6% than in the fourth quarter of 2018 and higher by 1.6% than the rate for Poland. The rate was 6.3% for women and 4.8% for men.

Apart from very few large employers, business activity in the Podkarpackie Province is mostly carried out by small and medium, businesses operating in the manufacturing, trade and services sectors. Entrepreneurship outside the agricultural sector accumulates new companies in cities or suburban areas. The largest number of vacancies was recorded in two groups: industrial workers and craftsmen, and personal service workers and salespeople.


Text last edited on: 09/2019

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