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Poland - Malopolskie

Short overview of the labour market


The Małopolska Province (Lesser Poland) is located in the south of Poland and borders with Slovakia and the following regions: Świętokrzyskie, Podkarpackie and Śląskie (Silesia). It occupies a surface area of 15 000 km2  and its population is 3.4 million. The Małopolska Province covers 5% of the total surface area of Poland. The Małopolska Province is divided into 22 counties – 19 rural counties and 3 urban counties, which comprise a total of 182 municipalities. The main cities of Małopolska are: Kraków – the former capital city of Poland and the current capital of the province (771 000 inhabitants), Tarnów (108 000 inhabitants) and Nowy Sącz (84 000 inhabitants). The Province's dwellers account for approximately 9% of the total population of Poland. As regards population, the Małopolska Province comes in at the fourth place in Poland, after Mazowieckie, Śląskie and Wielkopolskie Provinces. In 2018, the population density rate stood at 224 people per km2, while the national average was 123 people per km2. Only Silesia has a higher population density rate. The ratio of women to men has not changed (106 women per 100 men). The urbanisation rate (percentage of the urban population in the total population) stands at 48.2% and is one of the lowest in the country.

More than 390 000 businesses are registered in the Małopolska Province. Over 97% of them belong to the private sector. The highest number of businesses operated in the following sectors: trade and repair of motor vehicles, construction, manufacturing, professional, scientific and technical activity. The małopolskie province has convenient conditions for the development of the high technologies sector, motor industry, tourism and BPO (business process outsourcing). The biggest companies operating in the Małopolskie Province include: Grupa Azoty (Tarnów), Can-Pack (Kraków), Carlsberg Polska (Brzesko), Coca-Cola (Niepołomice), Maspex (Wadowice), Grupa Kęty, ArcelorMittal (Kraków), Tele-Fonika Kable (Myślenice), Stalprodukt (Bochnia), Delphi Poland (Kraków), Valeo (Skawina), Synthos S.A. (Oświęcim), BP (Kraków), Motorola (Kraków), IBM (Kraków), Philip Morris (Kraków), Capgemini (Kraków).

The economic activity rate in the fourth quarter of 2018 stood at 54.9% and was lower than the national average (56.1%), therefore the province ranks tenth in Poland. At the same time, there were approximately 1.4 million people employed, i.e. more than half of the people aged 15 and above (the employment rate stood at 52.7%).

As of the end of 2018 the registered unemployment rate was 4.7%. What distinguishes Małopolskie from other regions is the low level of unemployment (it ranks third in the country), but this greatly depends on the territory. For years the lowest level has been noted in Kraków (2.4% at the end of 2018). Low unemployment occurs in the counties of Myślenice (2.7%), the city of Nowy Sącz (3.2%) and Kraków (4.2%). The unemployment rate below the province level is also characteristic for the following counties: Miechowski (4.4%) and Bocheński (4.5%). The counties with the highest unemployment rate include: Dąbrowski (10.9%) and Tatrzański (9.4%).

According to the LFS the unemployment rate in Małopolskie province in the fourth quarter of 2018 amounted to 4.1% (in Poland – 3.8%). The unemployment rate for women (4.2%) was higher than for men (4.1%). The number of people employed in Małopolskie province at the end of 2018 amounted to 1 395 000, of which 73.4% worked in the private sector. The largest number of people were employed in services (58%), followed by around 1/3 in industry and construction (32%), and the smallest percentage employed in agriculture (8%).


Text last edited on: 09/2019

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