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Poland - Lubelskie

Short overview of the labour market


The Lubelskie Province is located in the central-eastern part of Poland. The Province’s industrial development is poor, but it is an important agricultural production centre. It shares borders with Podlaskie, Mazowieckie, Świętokrzyskie and Podkarpackie provinces. The Lubelskie Province shares borders with Belarus and Ukraine. It is the third largest province of Poland and has a surface area of 25 100 km2. The population density is 84 persons per km2, while the country’s average is 123 persons per km2. The Lubelskie Province ranks ninth in Poland in terms of population. The Lubelskie Province is divided into 20 counties. The Lubelskie Province has a total of 213 communes, including: 20 municipalities, 165 rural communes and 28 communes with mixed urban and rural population. The Lubelskie Province is one of four Polish regions where more than half of the population live in rural areas. The city of Lublin is the province’s administrative centre. Other major towns in the province are Chełm, Zamość and Biała Podlaska.

At the end of December 2018, the population of the Lubelskie Province was 2 117 619 or 5.5% of the total population of Poland. In terms of population the province ranked ninth in the country and fourteenth considering the proportion of town dwellers compared to the overall population. Statistical data indicate a downward trend in the population of the Lubelskie Province. At the end of 2018, women formed a majority of the population in the Lubelskie province (51.5%). Another characteristic feature is a relatively low level of urbanisation. The Lubelski sub-province is the most urbanised and the Bialsko-Podlasie one is the least urbanised. The most urbanised among the counties were: Świdnik county (urban population of 58.1%), Puławy county (47.6%) and Ryki county (46.0%). The smallest share of town dwellers was recorded in Chełmski (10.1%) and Lubelski (7.4%) counties.

The labour demand survey shows that at the end of the fourth quarter of 2018 the number of employed persons amounted to 571 700. Nearly two-thirds (69.1%) were employed in the private sector and 30.9% in the public sector. 44.2% of the employed worked in large enterprises, 37.6% in medium-sized enterprises and 18.2% in small ones.

At the end of December 2018, 74 449 unemployed persons were registered at labour offices, out of which 38 632 were women (51.9%). The unemployment rate was 8% and it was higher by 2.2% compared with the national rate of 5.8%. The highest unemployment rate was recorded in the following counties: Włodawa county – 15.5%, Chełm county – 13.3%, Hrubieszów county – 13.2%, while the lowest rate was recorded in the following counties: Łuków county – 4.5%, Biłgoraj county – 5.1% and Łęczyn – 5.3%. 7 759 unemployed persons, including 4 057 women, were entitled to benefits.

At the end of March 2019, 75 134 unemployed people remained registered with the labour offices, including 38 318 women (51%). The unemployment rate was 8% and it was higher by 2.1% compared with the national rate of 5.9%. The highest unemployment rate was observed in the following counties: Włodawa county (15.2%), Chełm county (13.4%) and Hrubieszów county (12.8%), while the lowest rate was observed in the following counties: Łuków county (4.6%), Biłgoraj county (5.2%) and Łęczyn county (5.4%). 8 181 people, including 4 131 women, had the right to receive benefits at the end of March.

Agriculture is one of the most important economic sectors of the Lubelskie province. This is confirmed by significant land resources, a high proportion of rural population, as well as an important volume of agricultural production on the national scale. Organic farming is the province's new agricultural development with very good prospects. The food industry plays an important role in the Lubelskie Province, this includes fruit and vegetable processing, sugar industry, dairy industry, milling industry, brewing industry and tobacco industry. Apiculture products and herbs are also sourced from the Lubelskie Province. Apart from the agri-food sector, the mining industry is also important for the province. The coal mine Bogdanka is located in the eastern part of the Lublin Upland. There are also many cement plants and building material plants manufacturing traditional brick and clinker, cellular concrete and prefabricated concrete. Natural resources of the province include mineral waters, the pride of the Nałęczów spa. The province’s economy also covers chemical industry, timber and furniture industry, metal and machine-building industry, including the aerospace industry in Świdnik.

The largest employers in the Lubelskie Province include: EMPERIA HOLDING – food wholesale chain, furniture-manufacturing Black Red White capital group, Polimex Mostostal S.A. – manufacturer of metal structures, Genpact Poland Spółka z o.o., Lubelski Węgiel Bogdanka S.A. – manufacturer of hard coal for the power industry, one of the largest domestic leaders in the production of flour, pasta and pretzel sticks – Lubella S.A.; Sipma – manufacturer of agricultural and gardening machinery, Zakłady Azotowe Puławy S.A. – leader of the Polish fertilizer and chemical industry in the production of nitrogen fertilizers for agriculture, Zakłady Mięsne ŁMEAT – Łuków S.A., 'Wierzejki' meat establishment, Herbapol Lublin S.A. – manufacturer of herbal products, food syrups and teas, POL-SKONE Sp. z o.o. – one of the largest and most dynamically developing companies in the woodwork sector, manufacturer of wooden doors and windows, WSK PZL Świdnik, Perła Browary Lubelskie, Regional Dairy Cooperative in Krasnystaw, Dairy Cooperative in Ryki Fabryka Łożysk Tocznych in Krasnik and mineral water producer Nałęczowianka Sp. z o.o, Model Opakowania Sp. z o.o – corrugated cardboard production plant.


Text last edited on: 09/2019

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