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Malta - National Level

Short overview of the labour market


Employment situation – July - September 2018

In the third quarter of 2018:

  1. the number of employed persons aged 15 years and over was 239 544, or 58.4 % of the population over 15 years of age;
  2. 9 065 persons, or 2.2 % of that same group, were unemployed (not working);
  3. while 161 742 persons or 39.4 % of that population were inactive.

In the third quarter of 2018, the estimated economic activity rate, which includes both employed and unemployed persons, stood at 75.6 % of the working-age population. A comparison of the third quarter of 2018 with the same quarter of 2017 shows an increase of 2.7 %.  Persons between the ages of 25 and 54 registered the highest activity rate, with 87.2 %.


The share of employed persons

Among the female working population, 37.4 % were working in the sectors of public administration, defence, education, healthcare and social work; 23.8 % were working in the wholesale and retail trade, motor vehicle and household goods repairs, hotels and restaurants, and transport; and 10.9 % work in other services sectors.

The majority of male workers (26.1 %) were working in wholesale and retail, motor vehicle and household goods repairs, hotels and restaurants, and transport; 17.8 % were in the professional, scientific, technical, administrative and social services sectors, followed by 15.6 % in manufacturing, quarries and other industries.

In general, the most common job category was that of sales and services, which accounts for 47 091 persons or 19.7 %.  This category includes jobs such as drivers, hairdressers, salespersons and waiters. 28 231 persons or 28.5 % of women and 18 860 persons or 13.4 % of men work in this sector.

Between July and September 2018, the majority of people were employed on a full-time basis (204 494 employees or 85.4 %) and 35 050 persons or 14.6 % were working on a part-time basis. The number of self-employed people amounted to almost 13.9 % of the whole working population.

The annual gross salary of employees was estimated at EUR 19 076 per year. This amount refers to the basic salary and excludes additional payments such as overtime, bonuses and allowances. On a sector basis, the highest average gross annual salary was registered for employees in the Information and Communications sector, whereas the highest average salary for a main occupation was recorded among management administrators. 


The share of unemployed persons

Between July and September 2018, the estimated unemployment rate stood at 3.7 %. The rate of male unemployment was 3.8 % whereas that of female unemployment was 3.4 %.  The 25-to-74 year age group registered the highest rates of unemployment.

Source: Labour Force Survey – July and September Q3/2018, Edition Number 202/2018


Text last edited on: 03/2019

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