Labour market information

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Czech Republic - National Level

Short overview of the labour market


The situation in the labour market of the Czech Republic is marked by considerable regional differences. This is particularly evident when comparing the northern and eastern regions of the country with Central Bohemia or the capital city of Prague. The lowest level of unemployment is to be found in the Plzeň region (3.6 %), the Hradec Králové region (3.7 %) and, as always, in Prague (3.7 %). Prague is particularly strong in terms of investors and services, especially in the fields of real estate and tourism. According to the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, the unemployment rate in the Czech Republic was 5.2 % as at 30/9/2016, an overall fall compared to the previous year. 

As to the statistics on the employment of EU citizens, most of such workers come from neighbouring countries, primarily Slovakia and Poland.  There are also people from non-EU countries, primarily Ukraine, Belarus, Russia, Vietnam and China.

The age structure of the workforce has been substantially influenced by long-term demographic developments. While the decline of employment in the 15-29 age category has been affected significantly by increased interest of young people in secondary and university studies, the over-50 age category has shown a marked increase. Special attention is being paid to these at-risk groups through individual European projects in the form of requalification courses provided by labour offices in the CR. The current shifts in the age structure of the workforce, where more than one quarter of all employed people are over 50, are a sign of substantial changes in employment levels and structure, which are forecast for the end of this decade. 

Employment in agriculture and construction has been falling, including in areas near the border with Poland. Interest in workers for services continues to rise, in particular in neighbouring Austria and Germany. Jobseekers in the 25 to 40 age category are finding most success in IT fields, technology, administration, medicine, the health service, and legal and expert professions. There is a long-term trend towards employment abroad in seasonal work, gastronomy, hotels and auxiliary work, and among decorators, welders, painters, drivers and so on.

The nominal average gross monthly wage was CZK 27 297 in the second quarter of 2016, which is approximately EUR 1 010 (Czech National Bank euro rate as at 30/9/2016).


Czech Statistical Office 

Public administration portal of the Czech Republic 

Doma v České republice (Home in the Czech Republic website) 

Portál Ministerstva práce a sociálních věcí (Integrated Portal of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of the Czech Republic)

Informace z úřadů práce (Information from labour offices) 

Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs

Text last edited on: 03/2017

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