Labour market information

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Denmark - National Level

Short overview of the labour market

 

Danish employment initiatives and the public employment service are based in 94 municipal job centres. Since 1 January 2015, the country has also been divided into three regional labour market offices [arbejdsmarkedskontorer – AMK]: AMK Central North [AMK Midt-Nord], AMK South [AMK Syd] and AMK East [AMK Øst]. All job centres can provide help and guidance to citizens from the EU/EEA. This also includes providing information on which services the public employment service – Workindenmark – can offer foreign job-seekers and Danish businesses.

Workindenmark supplements the efforts of the job centres. It consists of the website, workindenmark.dk, and three service centres located in Copenhagen (East), Odense (South) and Aarhus (West).

Workindenmark centres

The Workindenmark centres help foreign job-seekers, among others, to find employment in Denmark. This applies to both foreigners already in Denmark and those applying from their own countries. Workindenmark helps Danish businesses that need to find highly qualified employees outside Denmark. Find out more at www.workindenmark.dk.

International Citizen Service

The Workindenmark centres are also part of the International Citizen Service, which provides an easy introduction to the workings of the authorities in Denmark. At the International Citizen Service, foreign job-seekers and their families can get help with paperwork (for example, when submitting an application for and receiving a certificate of registration, CPR number, health insurance card and tax card, etc.). For further information, please see: http://icitizen.dk/

Workindenmark.dk is Denmark’s official portal for international recruitment. The portal contains a job and CV database, together with all relevant information for Danish employers and foreign workers (both before and after arrival in Denmark) in English.

Lifeindenmark.dk provides all relevant information on moving to and living and working in Denmark for EU citizens moving to Denmark.

The placement of Danish labour in other EU/EEA countries is mainly carried out by Workindenmark South and EURES advisers in designated job centres. For further information, see www.eures.dk. 

As a consequence of COVID-19, large parts of the community were closed down in the middle of March. The community has been gradually reopened and monitored since the middle of April.

The lockdown has led to a sharp drop in employment and an increase in unemployment. Full-time unemployment for March as a whole ended more than 13 000 higher than in February, which should be seen by comparison with the largest monthly increase of 12 000 during the financial crisis.

The lockdown included the last two weeks of the 13 weeks in the first quarter. According to Eurostat, only a moderate increase in unemployment of 0.3% was therefore registered in the first quarter of 2020 compared with the previous quarter. Unemployment in the first quarter was 5.2%.

Unemployment in Denmark in June 2020 was 5.7%, according to Eurostat. This was an increase of 1.3% compared with the same month in the previous year, and an increase of 0.7% compared with January 2020.

The Danish unemployment rate is still below the European average.

According to the Finance Ministry, a substantial increase in unemployment is expected as a result of COVID-19 in the next period.

Denmark has a population of just under 5.8 million inhabitants and the labour force is around 3.0 million. The country is a service and knowledge society. Around two thirds of the labour force are employed in the private sector. About 2% of the labour force is employed in agriculture. Denmark has a well-developed, tax-financed welfare system. This means that around a third of the labour force is employed in the public sector.

Denmark is characterised by a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises; according to the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitive Report 2019, it ranks as the 10th most competitive country in the world.

Well-known businesses include names such as Maersk (shipping and oil production), ARLA (dairy products), Novo Nordisk (pharmaceuticals), Brandtex (clothing), Bang & Olufsen (radio/TV), Danfoss (air conditioning and heating), Grundfos (pumps), Velux (windows), Lego (toys) and Vestas (one of the world’s largest wind turbine producers).

 

Text last edited on: 10/2020


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