Psychotherapists assist and treat healthcare users with varying degrees of psychological, psychosocial, or psychosomatic behavioural disorders and pathogenic conditions by means of psychotherapeutic methods. They promote personal development and well-being and provide advice on improving relationships, capabilities, and problem-solving techniques. They use science-based psychotherapeutic methods such as behavioural therapy, existential analysis and logotherapy, psychoanalysis or systemic family therapy in order to guide the patients in their development and help them search for appropriate solutions to their problems. Psychotherapists are not required to have academic degrees in psychology or a medical qualification in psychiatry. It is an independent occupation from psychology, psychiatry, and counselling.

Alternative label

  • neuro-linguistic psychotherapist

  • geriatric psychotherapist

  • psychotherapy practitioner

  • person-centred psychotherapist

  • humanistic psychotherapist

  • youth psychotherapist

  • systemic therapist

  • body psychotherapist

  • hypno-psychotherapist

  • group psychotherapist

  • existential psychotherapist

  • reality therapy psychotherapist

  • transactional analytic psychotherapist

  • cognitive behavioural therapist

  • specialist psychotherapist

  • person-centered psychotherapist

  • integrative psychotherapist

  • positive psychotherapist

  • transpersonal psychotherapist

  • gestalt psychotherapist

  • psychodynamic psychotherapist

  • psychoanalytical psychotherapist

  • multi-modal psychotherapist

  • child psychotherapist

  • psycoterapy expert

  • practitioner of psychotherapy

  • expert psychotherapist

  • expert in psychotherapy

  • psychodrama psychotherapist

Regulatory aspect

To see if and how this occupation is regulated in EU Member States, EEA countries or Switzerland please consult the Regulated Professions Database of the Commission. Regulated Professions Database:


Essential skills and competences

Essential Knowledge

Optional skills and competences

Optional Knowledge



Concept URI