Three Visions, One Direction: Plans for the Future of Europe

19 June 2018
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In September 2017, European Commission President Juncker and French President Macron each outlined their visions for the future of Europe. In June 2018, German Chancellor Merkel entered the debate, presenting her own ideas and responding to many of the proposals previously put forward.

This paper provides a comparative assessment of the three interventions and the proposals advanced. While recognising the nuances, the analysis reveals a strong convergence of opinions between the three leaders.

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