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Digitaalühiskonnad, digitaalne kaasamine

06/03/2019
by Rando Proomet

/epale/ro/file/digitaaluhiskondpngdigitaaluhiskond.png

Euroopa põhioskuste võrgustik kuulutab välja veebipõhise arutelu täiskasvanute digitaalse kaasamise teemal võrgustiku Võimete arendamise sari raames.  Arutelu algus on kavandatud 6. märtsile 2019 9:00 (Kesk-Euroopa aeg) ja lõpp 7. märtsile 2019 17:00 (Kesk-Euroopa aeg). Saadud kogemuste eesmärgiks on aidata kaasa EBSN-i eelolevale avatud hariduse ressursile (open education resource, OER) digitaalse kaasatuse teemal.

 

EPALE praeguse fookuse – digitaliseerimine ja täiskasvanuõpe – raamistikus  käsitletakse digitaliseerimist ja täiskasvanuhariduse küsimusi mitmete erinevate lähenemisviiside kaudu. Siin on vähemalt kaks selgelt eristatavat fookust: 

  • digitaalsete materjalide, rakenduste ja seadmete kasutamine töövahenditena, mis hõlbustavad ja täiustavad kõiki õppevorme, sealhulgas täiskasvanute kirjaoskust (vt Graciela Sbertoli kommentaare digitaalsete vahendite kohta algse kirjaoskuse omandamiseks),
  • põhiliste digitaalsete oskuste parandamine, et saavutada sotsiaalset kaasatust, mis käsitleb digitaalse komponendi tähtsust funktsionaalses kirjaoskuses ja näitab annab selge pildi digitaalse lõhenemisega seotud väljakutsetest.  

Eelpool mainitud lähenemisviisi (digitaalsed töövahendid põhioskuste arendamiseks) käsitlemiseks leiti eelneva veebiarutelu käigus rida võimalusi, kuidas kasutada digitaalseid vahendeid sisserännanutele algse kirja- ja arvutusoskuse õpetamiseks ning keelekoolituseks. Viimane lähenemisviis toob esile vähem arenenud digitaalsete oskustega kodanike küsimuse, kes on ühiskonnas üha enam marginaalses olukorras. David Mallows mainib oma blogipostituses „Digitaalne kaasatus“, et

„Kuna internetimaailm tungib üha intensiivsemalt füüsilisse maailma, peaksime pöörama suurt tähelepanu digitaalsele kaasatusele – tagades, et iga ühiskonnaliige suudab tõhusalt kasutada digitaalmaailma poolt pakutavaid võimalusi.”

Paljudes riikides, kus avalik-õiguslike teenuste nagu pangandus, avalik haldus, maksustamine jne digitaliseeritus kujutab endast üha suuremat väljakutset vähemate digitaalsete oskustega kodanike jaoks, tekib nende hulgas paratamatult mahajäämus, isoleeritus ja veelgi suurem haavatavus.

 

Osalejaid julgustatakse jagama oma kogemusi ja mõtteid järgmistes küsimustes:

  1. Kes on teie kogemuste põhjal kõige haavatavamad, kui jutt on ühiskondlikest  „e-teenustest“ ja millised on suurimad väljakutsed?
  2. Milliseid programme te teate, mis on konkreetselt suunatud madalamate digitaalsete oskustega kodanike kaasamisele (nt eakamad inimesed) digitaliseeritud avalikke teenuseid kasutama (nt e-valitsussüsteemid)?
  3. Millised on iga riikliku programmi edukriteeriumid, mille eesmärk on võidelda digitaalse lõhe vastu?  

Arutelu on avatud 9.00-17.00 CET (Kesk-Euroopa aja järgi), 6.-7. märtsil.

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imaginea utilizatorului RASA POCEVIČIENĖ
Meaningful and successful personal and professional life of today and the future requires the person’s ability to adjust to the constantly changing environment, the ability and inclination to constructively react to changes, act in accordance with constantly renewing and increasing information. The ICT are very useful here, but we need to able to learn, more exactly to manade our learning; therefore, the idea of lifelong learning is raised as one of the most important educational aims and one of the essential expected outcomes. Learning to learn is understood as the person’s wish and readiness to take up new tasks, the ability to control cognitive and emotional processes while learning and apply acquired abilities in various contexts. for this purpose we also could use ICT. 
imaginea utilizatorului Etelberto Costa
Webinar with Henrique Lopes and Leona English about “How adult education can save your life”
In 2019 the International Council for Adult Education (ICAE) and DVV International continue to build global dialogue, support an exchange of ideas and critical reflection on highly relevant topics in adult education and development. This includes a virtual seminar discussing the “Role and Impact of Adult Education”, following the latest edition of DVV International´s journal Adult Education and Development (AED) with the same topic. 
you can access the paper from Henrique @ 
imaginea utilizatorului Christoph SACKL
I would like to share some great initiatives as part of the Erasmus+ adult education programme (Key Action 1) from organisations like Atempo GmbH "Inclusive Education on the Move" and "Inclusive Education with Tablets" and Lebenshilfe Salzburg "Better lives through person centred Technology".
More Information can be found on EPALE: 

Best wishes from Austria, 
Christoph Sackl

imaginea utilizatorului Tamás Harangozó
Dear Participants,

Welcome back to the discussion. We continue with digital inclusion programs. Have you come across any initiatives that specifically aim at including citizens with less sufficient digital skills (e.g. the elderly) into digitalised public services (e.g. e-governance systems)?
imaginea utilizatorului Julija MELNIKOVA
Good morning! Happy to join the discussion from Lithuania.
New technologies and digitalization is a very relevant issue nowadays and a challenge for the society. On the one hand, we are happy to live in smart cities and use the benefits of new digital initiatives (such as digital banking, digital administration etc.), on the other - innovations and rapid technological progress brings a lot of confusion for some people and cause unwillingness and even resistance to use them. 
I work with adults as an adult educator (professional development sector) and we often discuss the challenges of digitalization. Adult learners (regardless of their age and profession) admit that they feel themselves confused and stressed when they are forced to change traditional ways of doing things to new digital ones. They say that they perfectly understand that all these digital innovations are good and are aimed at simplifying our lives. But when it comes to trying them there appear some problems. First, insufficient skills of using new digital approaches; second, mistrust with technologies; third, dependence on smart devices etc. Adults recognize the demand for digital innovations but they stress that they need more time to get used to them.
imaginea utilizatorului Tamás Harangozó
Thank you, Julija for your comment. Are there any ways to help adults in overcoming these challenges? Have you come across any in your professional practice? 
imaginea utilizatorului Tamás Harangozó
Dear All,

Although moderation will start again tomorrow at 9:00 CET, you are more than welcome to post comments until then, if you like.

Thank you very much for your participation!


imaginea utilizatorului Tamás Harangozó
Thank you all for your reflections on the relevant target group! I would like to encourage the discussion to move on to potential programmes and initiatives aiming specifically at inclusion.

For a start, it might be worth looking at how the EU works along the field of eGovernance and the digitalisation of public services. 

In general,


As for eGovernance and digital public services,

  • A broad overview of the interlinked initiatives are presented on the e-government policy site of the Digital Single Market strategy, where one of the key document is also accessible: the eGovernment Action Plan of 2011-2015.


Do you know of any programmes/initiatives in your country (or professional context) aiming at digital inclusion of adults with less developed digital skills?

Are these programmes connected to the EU's eGovernment initiatives?