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Puterea unuia - O voce

01/05/2019
by FLAVIUS ILIE
Limba: RO
Document available also in: EN CS EL DE PL HU

/epale/ro/file/epale-climate-change-adult-learningEPALE Climate Change Adult Learning

EPALE Climate Change Adult Learning

Profesorul Michael Kenny in cadrul departamentului Educația pentru Adulți și Comunitate de la Universitatea Maynooth reflectă rolul educației adulților în a ne face cetățeni responsabili cu mediul inconjurator și ne ajută să ne adaptăm la schimbările climatice.

Educația adulților nu s-a confruntat încă cu provocarea mondială a schimbărilor climatice. În timp ce peste 97% din comunitatea științifică ne spune că dovezile sunt incontrovertibile, iar știința climatului a atins un nivel fără precedent de forta, dezbaterile în favoarea comunității educaționale pentru adulți și educație vocațională se invart in jurul subiectului sau oferă precedent altor probleme "mai importante".

Mi se pare dificil să mă gândesc la implicațiile schimbărilor climatice fundamentale. Am o viață confortabilă și am așteptări pozitive pentru generațiile următoare. Sunt atât de pozitiv în ceea ce privește viitorul, încât viața mea este dedicată încurajării celorlalți să-și îmbunătățească viața prin învățare și să utilizeze învățarea pentru a ieși din capcana sărăciei. Acum, sunt provocat de posibilitatea, probabilitatea si inevitabilitatea, că viitorul luminos pe care l-am vandut altora va fi într-adevăr un viitor provocator.

Ca absolvent de științe, inteleg o mare parte din studiile care indică o schimbare climatică la nivel mondial. Am citit cărțile și i-am ascultat pe cei care au vorbit. Dar a fost nevoie doar de impactul unei persoane, Greta Thunberg, pentru a ma provoca. Greta ar putea fi fiica mea, sau la vârsta mea, nepoata mea. Nu are altă preocupare decât viitorul ei. Ea spune la ce le sunt de folos toate aceste învățături școlare, dacă nu fac nimic cu ceea ce au învățat?

Știu orașul Beira din Mozambic și districtul Nsange din sudul Malawi. Ca lucrător umanitar, am petrecut ani în această parte a lumii. 1,4 milioane de persoane, cu 0,4 milioane de copii din această zonă (394 kilometri pătrați) din Africa de Sud-Est au pierdut totul din cauza unui ciclon ciudat și a inundațiilor. Totul, incuzand culturile de hrană pentru subzistență pentru anul următor. Au ramas săraci. Acum trei ani am fost cu refugiații inundați în zona Beira din Mozambic. Îmi amintesc că mi-au zis: "De unde a venit apa?". Atunci au fost șocați. Acum este mai rău.

Flood Mozambique

Dimensiunea inundațiilor, reprezentată în roșu, în jurul orașului portului Beira, Mozambic, la 19 martie 2019. Agenția Spațială Europeană

Unde suntem ca educatori ai adulților în acest domeniu? Avem un răspuns?

În articolul său de pe blog, din noiembrie 2018, profesorul Alan Tuckett a scris "După cum demonstrează Obiectivele de Dezvoltare Durabilă ale ONU, abordarea schimbărilor climatice implică învățarea și adaptarea comportamentului adulților" și "... schimbările au impactul cel mai mare asupra persoanelor cu abilități scăzute, migranții care încă nu si-au dezvoltat engleza fluentă și mulți oameni cu dizabilități ". El continuă să spună: "... a sosit momentul pentru o expansiune rapidă a investițiilor de către guvern, angajatori și indivizi deopotrivă".

Există atât de multe altele pe care le pot adăuga:

• 62 milioane de persoane au fost afectate în 2018 de dezastrele naturale asociate preponderent cu fenomene meteorologice și climatice extreme.
• 1600 de decese sunt asociate cu valuri de căldură și incendii în SUA, Europa și Japonia.
• Etc., etc.

Dar destul! O postare pe blog ar trebui să ridice o întrebare, să încurajeze reflecția critică, un răspuns - chiar și un răspuns cu un singur cuvânt.

Greta mi-a arătat puterea unuia. O persoană sinceră, cu o voce critică.

Îmi reevaluez contribuția ca un educator pentru adulți.


/epale/ro/file/michael-kennyMichael Kenny

Michael Kenny
Michael Kenny este un profesor pentru adulți și comunitate, cu un interes special în participarea angajată. El provine dintr-un mediu rural, dintr-o familie de migranți din vestul Irlandei. Studiile lui superioare constau intr-o diplomă științifică agricolă (BAgrSc 1980), masterat de dezvoltare rurală (MAg rSc 1990) și o diplomă superioară în învățământul superior (HDHE 1998). Experiența sa este munca tinerilor, munca comunitară în Irlanda și Africa (7 ani) și angajarea extinsă a organizațiilor rurale și urbane formale, non-formale și voluntare.
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  • imaginea utilizatorului Michael kenny
    I mentioned (See previous post: As an update: On Monday 29th) that elected Councillors/Municipal Authority elected representatives in Wicklow (a county in the East coast of Ireland) will debate on April 29th a motion to declare a Climate and Biodiversity Emergency.

    Please note that Wicklow County Council has become the first local authority in Ireland to declare “a biodiversity and climate-change emergency” (See https://www.irishtimes.com/news/environment/wicklow-council-declares-bio...). This motion recognises the need to respond more urgently to the threat of climate breakdown and the global decline of species.

    The unanimous decision of municipal councillors was taken on April 29th coincides with similar declarations made in the UK, Scottish and Welsh parliaments – and by cities such as London and Manchester.

    Councillors were gently pushed to adopt this motion after they were briefed by local students who participated in recent school strikes for climate action in Wicklow and all over Ireland. The students recent school strikes for climate action was inspired by Greta Tunberg (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VFkQSGyeCWg) speaking out on climate justice.

    We are seeing one of the benefits of being part of Europe, of having a global perspective, and of learning from each other.

    I made my own contribution to the understanding of elected Councillors/Municipal Authority elected representatives in Wicklow by writing to each councillor in advance of the vote. Here is the text of what I wrote:
     *************** 
    I write to you in relation to the upcoming debate on Monday 29th April, on a motion to declare a Climate and Biodiversity Emergency prompted, I understand, by Wicklow youth recent Global Climate Strike on March 15th, which urged our politicians to start acting. I understand your motion is a first step in recognising that Wicklow, Ireland and the world is facing ecological challenge of great import, which threatens life on the planet. If the motion was passed it would urge Wicklow County Council to act to protect and re-wild Wicklow as if there is an emergency. If passed, it would also be the first local authority in Ireland to do so – a brave step.

    I am an academic in the Department of Adult & Community Education, Maynooth University (Ollscoil na hÉireann Má Nuad). As you will see from my attached biography I am a rural farmers’ son and I have extensive experience in Africa where I see the horrible effects of climate change. I am an adult educator in Ireland and indeed have engaged with some of the elected officials and staff (Deirdre Whitfield, Margaret Malone) of Wicklow County Council.

    Being informed for this debate is essential. I wish to refer you to a readable paper by my colleague Dr Conor Murphy of ICARUS in Maynooth University. This paper from dropbox at https://www.dropbox.com/s/s6z3cm1f2qbm1ub/Conor%20Murphy%20Final1.pdf?dl=0 and the associated video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-o5bpLmXJk from the Citizens Assembly will provide relevant information for you.

    Dr. Conor Murphy - Session 1: The Science of Climate Change - Citizens' Assembly Session 1:The Science of Climate Change - Dr. Conor Murphy, Maynooth University - Eighth Meeting of the Citizens' Assembly - How the State can make Ireland a leader ... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-o5bpLmXJk 

    As a former town councillor (http://www.meathchronicle.ie/news/roundup/articles/2012/06/13/4010852-ke...) I know the leadership impact of an adopted County Council motion.

    Lastly, I have no hesitation in saying I worry for my grandchildren.

    I hope this information guides you and I wish you well.

    Yours sincerely
    **********
    This may be of assistance to EPALE Blog readers. 

    Comment and feedback welcomed.

    Michael 
  • imaginea utilizatorului Marta Kosińska
    What is striking for me, writing from the perspective of citizen of Poland and EPALE Ambassador, is the very difference of the basic experiences of adult educators. In the central Europe (and it is still Europe) the every day life experience of climate change is far more difficult and urgent than in the Western countries. So I could not write "I have a comfortable life and I have positive expectations for my next generations", because I have not theese, and in my everyday life I breathe very bad, polluted air, and eat very bad food (although trying to find a good one). My conclusion is, that depending on what place on the Earth we live, we have very different basic experiences about a climate change and these determine tools of adult environmental education and its basic critical categories we construct. Sometimes we have to refer or even create some kind of environmental imagination, and sometimes we don't have to do this, because we deal with very hard everyday experience of polluted environment. Education based on experience and education based on imagination - maybe as critical educators we should build coalitions to exhange these perspectives in Europe?
  • imaginea utilizatorului Michael kenny

    Dear Marta, Apologies for my delay in replying.

    Indeed those of us who live in Western Europe and particularly those of us living on the most Westerly island (Ireland) fanned by moist South-Westerly prevailing wind and kept warm by the North Atlantic Drift current are not concientised fully about the impacts of climate change. Many of us think this is an issue for others to solve. Further, many adults, even parents, thank that they can pass this issue on to the next generation with no guilt for having done so little. This was said to me on a number of occasions.

    I note that there are a small but powerful group in Ireland who are getting increasingly angry that there is no much talk about climate change because they are deniers. I presume many others are seeing the same.

    Martha, you are living with day to day consequences of environmental degradation. You say “In the central Europe (and it is still Europe) the every day life experience of climate change is far more difficult and urgent than in the Western countries.” You also say “… I could not write ‘I have a comfortable life and I have positive expectations for my next generations’".

    The recent Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) See https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/may/03/climate-crisis-is-about-to-put-humanity-at-risk-un-scientists-warn and the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) See https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/08/global-warming-must-not-exceed-15c-warns-landmark-un-report warnings add greater urgency to our task.

    In defence of balance and positivity I say we must focus on what we can do. You say “… maybe as critical educators we should build coalitions to exchange these perspectives in Europe?”. I agree.

    As educators we are leaders. We must be ahead of the population and, in this case, be ahead of the politicians. We must know our data/information. We must insert the information in the courses we teach and we must educate a critically conscious people who will lead the response.

    Thank you for your post Martha.

  • imaginea utilizatorului Michael kenny
    As an update:

    On Monday 29th April, elected Councillors/Local authority elected representatives in Wicklow (a county in the east coast of Ireland) will debate a motion to declare a Climate And Biodiversity Emergency. This is largely due to the amazing efforts by County Wicklow young in the recent Global Climate Strike on March 15th, which have urged our politicians to start acting.

    Supported by President Higgins and former President Mary Robinson, this motion would be a first step in recognising that Wicklow, Ireland and the world is facing ecological collapse, which threatens all life on the planet. If passed, it would force Wicklow County Council to act as if there is an emergency and to start protecting and rewilding Wicklow. If passed, it would also be the first local authority in Ireland to do this, and would put pressure on other councils to follow.

    This is a very important step - Councillors need to know they have our support.

    You will find a very succinct and interesting paper from my colleague Conor murphy of ICARUS at short paper to the citizens assembly
    The associated video is also online 

    Michael
  • imaginea utilizatorului Simon BROEK
    Very thought-provoking blog Michael! I am wondering whether climate change as such should be a central topic, or whether this should be dealt with in a more holistic way under critical thinking: interpret information about the world around us; question your own views and beliefs; and change your behaviour to match with what you - after critical analysis - think is best. This would apply to climate change, but also to how people behave on social media, think about society and democratic values.
  • imaginea utilizatorului Aisha SMITH
    If you'd like to connect with adult education practitioners who teach about the environment (and/or STEM), you can join the Community Practice Group called "Environment and Stem learning", set up by EPALE UK Ambassador, Alison McLachlan - find out more about Alison on the UK NSS page (under the 'About EPALE' - 'EPALE in your country' tab). 
  • imaginea utilizatorului Michael kenny

    Thank you for your comment Simon. I had considered developing your train of thought in the blog post but it is better now that you have taken it up. A more holistic way under critical thinking and interpreting information about the world around us is always better. Indeed our approach should be based on problem pausing and problem solving saw that education for adults is about the here and now problems that people face. Theoretically I agree. But I am concerned that we years adult educators are not taking this challenge adequately seriously or urgently. We need a mass mobilisation of adult educators who will place our understanding critical assessment of the impact of climate change within every module we teach formerly, non formerly, and informally. I suggest “… climate change as such should be a central topic” but embedded within philosophy, sociology, cultural learning, agriculture, engineering, music, physical education, etc. We do this anyway because we bring our norms to learners unconsciously.  So why not do this with one of the greatest present challenge to humanity.

    Thank you.

    Michael

  • imaginea utilizatorului Michael kenny

    Dear Aisha, Greetings I apologise for my delay in responding to a year post. Indeed I would be keen to link with the Community Practice Group called "Environment and Stem learning". It is these kind of linkages that are very important for our collective success as educators. This is evidence of the important networking role of EPALE.

    Do you have a direct link as I did not understand your directions above?  Thank you. Michael