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Intergenerational learning. The multigenerational house model.

05/10/2017
by EPALE Österreich
Language: EN
Document available also in: DE IT SL FR LV ET

/epale/de/file/wettbewerbwaltendorfjpgwettbewerb_waltendorf.jpg

Mehrgenerationenhaus Waltendorf

 

Multigenerational houses aim to revive the idea of interaction and mutual support between young and old, so that they actively interact with one another, support one another and learn from one another. This may take the form of a residential community or a community of shared values, or may even be a place where people who are not related live and work together to support themselves individually and as a community. This term is also used to describe a daytime meeting place open to the public where members of different generations can meet. The activities and services they offer are generally based on self-help and volunteer work.

Multigenerational homes in Austria

The managing director of GiP GmbH (Generations in Partnership), Bernhard Seidler, states that, unlike Germany, Austria does not currently have a dedicated state funding model. Multigeneration homes are financed, for instance, using a combined model of assisted living for elderly people and childcare. The organisation develops and implements individual educational concepts and intergenerational projects centred around all the generations living together. GiP provides qualified personnel trained in intergenerational work for this and offers project consulting and development for investors in a generational context. Together with Caritas, GiP has developed a training course to teach skills for intergenerational work (see report), which will start in October 2017.

Waltendorf multigenerational house – living together and learning from one another

According to its voluntary director, Karin Steffen, the Waltendorf multigenerational house (MGH) in Graz is currently the only MGH in Austria operating as a daytime public facility. It is a venue with several multifunctional spaces and a garden where children, young people, adults and senior citizens can chat, spend time together and support one another. Different offerings are developed in a collaborative process between all those involved. The cosy kitchen that houses the daytime café is the focal point of the house. In addition to numerous target group-specific educational offerings, the MGH also offers joint intergenerational activities such as ball games and puzzles, playing music together and creative activities.

The building that houses the MGH is over 200 years old and served as the district office until 2009. In order to keep the building for local use, the Schutzverein Ruckerlberg, which was established in 1968 and is thus the oldest active citizens’ group in Graz, came up with the idea of using this beautiful house as a multigenerational house, which would keep it open to the public. The facility is managed on a voluntary basis by three senior citizens, who work in a network with numerous cooperation partners. The funding organisation is the City of Graz, which covers the cost of maintaining the premises.

Group activities promote learning

The house’s declared aim is to revive the concept of neighbourly help by people getting to know one another and actively doing things and learning together. This has already yielded many friendships, as well as small and large-scale initiatives such as helping to find childcare or companions. In addition to group music, dance, sewing, craft and cookery activities, and a regular intergenerational get-together, there is also tutoring available, as well as lectures and talks.

“Things often happen organically as a result of chance encounters. Nobody is scared to approach one another in this house. We try to make the offerings extremely accessible in order to reach as many people as possible. We also organise intercultural offerings for immigrants such as German conversation classes and excursions, but you have to pick them up from their homes as otherwise they wouldn’t dare to come,” says coordinator Karin Steffen. The house also runs participation projects with other associations and social environment projects (test environment) through the Austrian Institute for Family Support (IFF), Social Environment 1. There are also plans for an intergenerational theatre in the future and mental skills training for children. Karin Steffen’s key desires for the future include holding even more free events for everyone and ensuring that they can continue operating by appointing a part-time employee.

Subsidy programme for multigenerational living relaunched in Germany

Multigenerational houses have been receiving funding in Germany since 2006 with the idea of transferring the concept of the extended family to modern society. The conceptual approach includes ‘learning from one another’ (learning opportunities and sponsorship programmes, support programmes), ‘learning with one another’ (cultural offerings and leisure activities) and ‘learning about one another’ (e.g. conversation cafés).

The original idea is now part of everyday life in around 550 communities and districts. The subsidy programme for multigenerational living run by the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens and Youth (BMFSFJ) was relaunched in 2017. It pursues three horizontal objectives: intergenerational work, integration of volunteering and community orientation. It is implemented with EU, federal and local funding in the form of a co-financing model.

Karin Steffen from MGH Waltendorf and Bernhard Seidler from GiP in Graz agree that a subsidy programme of this type that facilitated the implementation of intergenerational projects would be welcomed in Austria.

Additional information in German:


Text/Author of original article in German: Christine Bärnthaler/CONEDU

Redaktion/Editing of original article in German: Karin Kulmer/CONEDU

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  • Meldra Mailīte's picture
    Manuprāt, ir svarīga mijiedarbība starp jaunāko un vecāko paaudzi. Tās zināšanas, kuras jaunākajai paaudzei var nodot vecākā ir neatsveramas un tās ir milzīgs ieguvums. Piemēram, vecākā paaudze var iemācīt to, kā gatavot ēst, dot dažādus praktiskus ikdienas padomus.  Protams, arī vecākās paaudzes cilvēki iegūst daudz noderīgas zināšanas no jaunākās paaudzes, piemēram, kā apieties ar datoru, jaunākajiem telefoniem.
    Vajadzētu pēc iespējas vairāk censtiem veidot šādas vietas, kur notiek sadarbība, draudzība un informācijas apmaiņa starp dažādu paaudžu cilvēkiem.
  • Sabīne Petruseviča's picture

    Atsaucoties uz iepriekšējo rakstu, kurā minēts starppaudžu mācīšanās modelis tieši izglītības ziņā, manuprāt, šādas paaudžu mājas var funkcionēt daudz efektīvāk. 

    Pirmkārt, mācīties dažādas prasmes - sociālās, kaut vai iemācīties spēlēt mūzikas instrumentu nav salīdzināmas ar to, ka gan jaunietim, gan senioram vienlaicīgi un vienādām metodēm ir jāiegūst vidusskolas izglītība. Otrkārt, šī ideja, manuprāt, ļoti labi strādā kā tāds realitātē esošs sociālais tīkls - jaunietis var iegūt dzīves pieredzi, vecmāmiņas kūku recepti vai atbalstu, kamēr vecāki cilvēki var iemācīties lietas, ko jaunieši prot labāk, piemēram, apgūt tehnoloģijas un tml. Šāda veida paaudžu integrēšana ir labs risinājums, lai vispārīgi mazinātu plaisu, kas rodas starp dažādām paaudzēm tieši starppaaudžu interešu konfliktu dēļ. Protams, jāņem vērā, vai šādas starppaudžu mājas apmeklējums ir brīvprātīgs vai kā citādāk, taču šis ir veids, kā veicināt paaudžu sapratni un kopīgu darbošanos, īpaši mūsdienu steidzīgajā vidē, kur visu uzskatām par pašsaprotamu un bieži kļūstam neiecietīgi, ja otram kaut kas nesanāk. 

  • Elena Galifianaki's picture

    EPALE's two-day online discussion (23-24 October) on intergenerational learning has started! Join moderator Graciela Sbertoli (EBSN Secretary General) and share your views online!

    http://bit.ly/2l8xz6T

    Feel free to follow the discussion on Twitter using #epale2017.

  • MEHMET KAYA's picture

    Projenin yaşlılar açısından yalnızlık duygusunu ortadan kaldıracağını ve tecrübelerin genç kuşaklara aktırılıacağını düşünüyorum.Çünkü yaşlılar tecrübelerinin paylaşımından çok mutlu olurlar.

    Gençler açısından ise Hayatta karşılaşılan zorlukların pratik çözümlerini kolayca bulabilecekleri bir ortam oarak görüyorum.

    Kuşaklar arasında karşılıklı sevgi ve saygı köprülerinin kurulmasına dolaysıylada huzurlu bir toplum amacına hizmet edeceğine yürekten inanıyorum ve yaygınlaştırılması gerektiğini düşünüyorum.

    Yaygınlaştırmada Huzur evleri ile anasınıfları  ortaokul ve liseler fiziki olarak içi çe geçmiş olarak planlanabilir.Ortak eğitim planlamaları yapılabilir.

  • Elena Galifianaki's picture

    EPALE's two-day online discussion (23-24 October) on intergenerational learning has started! Join moderator Graciela Sbertoli (EBSN Secretary General) and share your views online!

    http://bit.ly/2l8xz6T

    Feel free to follow the discussion on Twitter using #epale2017.

  • Elena Galifianaki's picture

    EPALE's two-day online discussion (23-24 October) on intergenerational learning has started! Join moderator Graciela Sbertoli (EBSN Secretary General) and share your views online!

    http://bit.ly/2l8xz6T

    Feel free to follow the discussion on Twitter using #epale2017.

  • Filomena Montella's picture

    Il progetto è davvero molto interessante e ritengo davveo efficace.

    Penso a ciò che accade nella mia classe di un corso serale quando un sedicenne interagisce con un settantenne. Lo scambio è molto efficace e aiuta entrambi gli studenti. Il primo ha davanti un modello di persona che vuole continuare ad imparare; il secondo ha davanti uno studente che ha la capacità di apprendere velocemente e può trasmettergli novità.

    Lo scambio diventa tra pari e porta ottimo risultati.

  • Anastasija Volkonska's picture

    Īstenotais projekts ir ļoti veiksmīgs risinājums, kas uzreiz atrisina vairākas problēmas. Manuprāt, starppaaudžu mācīšanās šajā kontekstā nav tas primārais, uz ko vajadzētu likt uzsvaru, jo tā ir pievienota vērtība, tā ir neapzināta, un to katras paaudzes pārstāvis iegūs komunikācijas un sadarbības procesā.

    Uzskatu, ka šajā projektā vajadzētu uzsvērt arī praktisko idejas pielietojamību. Pirmkārt, īstenotais projekts ir lielisks risinājums vientuļiem, vecāka gadagājuma cilvēkiem cīnīties ar savu vientulību un dažreiz pat depresīviem mirkļiem, kad dzīve paliek bezjēdzīga un vairs nav bērnu/cilvēku, par kuriem rūpēties. Šis projekts ir viņu iespēja saredzēt dzīves jēgu, atkal justies vajadzīgiem un noderīgiem, kā arī vienkārši patīkami pavadīt savu ikdienu. Otrkārt, šis projekts lielā mērā atrisinātu to ģimeņu problēmas, kurās vecāki ir spiesti strādāt, bet nav kam atstāt bērnu pieskatīšanai, jo nav vecvecāku vai citu radu, kuri varētu uzņemties atbildību par bērnu, kamēr vecāki strādā. Tas ir labs veids dot bērnam iespēju iemācīties komunicēt ar senioriem, iemācīties cienīt vecāka gadagājuma cilvēkus, un vienkārši saprast, ko nozīme ''vecmāmiņa un vectētiņš'', kamēr vecāki tajā laikā būs droši un mierīgi par savu bērnu, ka tas ir pieskatīts. Sanāk, ka ar šo projektu var atrisināt vairākas praktiskas problēmas, un papildus iegūt pievienotu vērtību kā starppaaudžu sadarbību, no kuras izriet mācīšanās viena no otras, pieredzes apmaiņa un citi svarīgie un dzīvei noderīgie ieguvumi.