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Euroopa täiskasvanuhariduse veebikeskkond



Digitaalühiskonnad, digitaalne kaasamine

by Rando Proomet


Euroopa põhioskuste võrgustik kuulutab välja veebipõhise arutelu täiskasvanute digitaalse kaasamise teemal võrgustiku Võimete arendamise sari raames.  Arutelu algus on kavandatud 6. märtsile 2019 9:00 (Kesk-Euroopa aeg) ja lõpp 7. märtsile 2019 17:00 (Kesk-Euroopa aeg). Saadud kogemuste eesmärgiks on aidata kaasa EBSN-i eelolevale avatud hariduse ressursile (open education resource, OER) digitaalse kaasatuse teemal.


EPALE praeguse fookuse – digitaliseerimine ja täiskasvanuõpe – raamistikus  käsitletakse digitaliseerimist ja täiskasvanuhariduse küsimusi mitmete erinevate lähenemisviiside kaudu. Siin on vähemalt kaks selgelt eristatavat fookust: 

  • digitaalsete materjalide, rakenduste ja seadmete kasutamine töövahenditena, mis hõlbustavad ja täiustavad kõiki õppevorme, sealhulgas täiskasvanute kirjaoskust (vt Graciela Sbertoli kommentaare digitaalsete vahendite kohta algse kirjaoskuse omandamiseks),
  • põhiliste digitaalsete oskuste parandamine, et saavutada sotsiaalset kaasatust, mis käsitleb digitaalse komponendi tähtsust funktsionaalses kirjaoskuses ja näitab annab selge pildi digitaalse lõhenemisega seotud väljakutsetest.  

Eelpool mainitud lähenemisviisi (digitaalsed töövahendid põhioskuste arendamiseks) käsitlemiseks leiti eelneva veebiarutelu käigus rida võimalusi, kuidas kasutada digitaalseid vahendeid sisserännanutele algse kirja- ja arvutusoskuse õpetamiseks ning keelekoolituseks. Viimane lähenemisviis toob esile vähem arenenud digitaalsete oskustega kodanike küsimuse, kes on ühiskonnas üha enam marginaalses olukorras. David Mallows mainib oma blogipostituses „Digitaalne kaasatus“, et

„Kuna internetimaailm tungib üha intensiivsemalt füüsilisse maailma, peaksime pöörama suurt tähelepanu digitaalsele kaasatusele – tagades, et iga ühiskonnaliige suudab tõhusalt kasutada digitaalmaailma poolt pakutavaid võimalusi.”

Paljudes riikides, kus avalik-õiguslike teenuste nagu pangandus, avalik haldus, maksustamine jne digitaliseeritus kujutab endast üha suuremat väljakutset vähemate digitaalsete oskustega kodanike jaoks, tekib nende hulgas paratamatult mahajäämus, isoleeritus ja veelgi suurem haavatavus.


Osalejaid julgustatakse jagama oma kogemusi ja mõtteid järgmistes küsimustes:

  1. Kes on teie kogemuste põhjal kõige haavatavamad, kui jutt on ühiskondlikest  „e-teenustest“ ja millised on suurimad väljakutsed?
  2. Milliseid programme te teate, mis on konkreetselt suunatud madalamate digitaalsete oskustega kodanike kaasamisele (nt eakamad inimesed) digitaliseeritud avalikke teenuseid kasutama (nt e-valitsussüsteemid)?
  3. Millised on iga riikliku programmi edukriteeriumid, mille eesmärk on võidelda digitaalse lõhe vastu?  

Arutelu on avatud 9.00-17.00 CET (Kesk-Euroopa aja järgi), 6.-7. märtsil.

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Kasutaja David Mallows pilt
I think that, as with all adult learning, the context of use is key. However, often people who do not use digital tools, do not know what they could use them for. In a blog last year I introduced the term Digital Taste from the Digital Inclusion Pathway developed by Steve Reder. He defined the Digital Taste stage of the pathway as being about helping people to see the benefits that engagement with digital tools could bring them:
Here they must decide whether they actually want to use a computer and for what purpose. And it is here that many initiatives fall down – there’s no point in providing an adult with access to a machine if they have no desire to use it. We probably all know an elderly relative who has been given a laptop or an iPad in the expectation that they will start to send email rather than letters or keep in touch via Skype rather than a landline. Instead, the expensive gadget gathers dust in the corner despite much patient coaching by the younger generation. Others, of course, soon see the benefits and once they have got this ‘taste’ for digital, the next step, learning how to use it, becomes more meaningful.
Once people have a 'taste' for digital, their motivation to learn how to use digital tools increases and sustainable success is more likely.

Kasutaja Cäcilia Märki pilt
Hello to all of you

I agree, those with low levels of literacy are the most vulnerable target groups. The use of ICT should, if appropriate, be an integral part of every learning offer, driven by the context of use. What do people want and need to do every day? Situated learning is key to a useful learning experience for the target group, aiming at influencing daily practice and capability to act.

The competencies of the trainers is the most relevant ingredient to the successful implementation of this concepts of learning. There is less to be planned, more flexibility and participation. This is new to the target group in the beginning, but autonomy grows with the opportunity and a good leadership providing space for action.

 Best regards

Kasutaja Etelberto Costa pilt
Good morning and happy to participate from Portugal.
I agree in general with Graciela and feeling the same with ageing...would i be able to deal with robots in my daily life in the next (short) years?
Digitalising e-governance services is being fast as we demand but not aware of the consequences of lefting behind people. We mustn´t be happy with alternatives of having someone from our local authorities doing the forms or whatever? This brings other forms of problems.
In Learning i'm specially concerned about schools in earlier years. Teachers are not skiiled about cibersecurity and usage of internet devices. Digital skills must start the earliest possible (children are born with digital devices nearby...) in a Lifelong Learning perspetive and terminate with life ending.
Another issue concerning all this new world of things is that there is not enough money (budget), at least for the poorest countries,  for doing what must be what must be done as first...and the next?! without a vision, difficulties increase.

In my country call your attention for this national programme: 

Kasutaja Tamás Harangozó pilt
Good morning Etelberto and welcome to the discussion!

Thank you for your comment. I agree that the fast-paced IT innovations in the public services pose a challenge to people who should not be left with the option that others in local authorities will take care of things for them. This is a pressing issue from an agency point of view too. The European Commission refers to digital exclusion as a cause for "a series of deteriorations in life paths like poor health, poor lifelong earnings and an increased risk of marginalisation". 
Kasutaja Graciela Sbertoli pilt
Etelberto, I just tried to access the link you gave us and it doesn't seem to work. Can you check it up, please?
Kasutaja Etelberto Costa pilt
5 ACTION LINES INCoDe.2030- the first one is on INCLUSION.

Another initiative taking place on MOOCs is: Project “NAU – Ensino e Formação a Distância para Grandes Audiências” aims to develop skills on public sector trough distance learning. - To learn and to write code. Private sector.

Next week we will promote two initiatives (By (civil society platform-Casa da Cidadania) and (association for informtaion society development)
1. Workshop PASC “Administração Aberta: Um desafio para o Estado e para a Sociedade” 13 Março | 09:00 - 13:00
2. Tertúlia-Debate “Administração Aberta: Um desafio para o Estado e para a Sociedade” – 15 de março

Kasutaja Graciela Sbertoli pilt
Good morning, Tamás, and thank you for this opportunity to discuss a very important issue.

I think digital inclusion is a challenge involving many different types of adults. The digital development is progressing so quickly that few of us will be exempt from feeling that "it's all getting a bit much". Especially as we grow older!

Obviously the most vulnerable target group for digital inclusion are adults who lack a basic level of literacy - and Europe does still have a considerable amount of adults in that category. 

The elderly are also very much at risk of not being able to adjust to speedy digital development in our societies. Among them there will be different groups - persons who never have used ICT before, those  who have a very low level of digital competence, etc.

I used to think that we who became knowledgeable users of ICT in the 80s and 90s would by now feel we did not have any problem, but I am beginning to doubt that! 

The challenge is to develop ICT training that prepares people for further digital development. Too many ICT courses stop at the level of what I call "user instructions" - first you do this, then this and then this. The objective of the courses needs to be giving the target group a real understanding of how ICT tools and devices worrk. And to do that we need to train the trainers. Which is another issue! :-)

Kasutaja Tamás Harangozó pilt
Good morning, Graciela!

Thank you for your comment. I also agree that one of the vulnerable groups in society is the elderly. There is an initiative directly addressing this target group to improve social participation, mobility and generally keeping people active. The programme is called "Ageing Well in the digital world".

It would be interesting to see more of these initiatives.
Kasutaja Cäcilia Märki pilt
Good morning Graciela

isn't the context in which we use and need ICT the most important driver for learning? 
The most relevant question then might be: "What do I want to do?" or "What do I have to do?" and which technologies do I need for that purpose.

Areas of application would then be mobility and traveling, banking, paying, shopping, communicating with friends and family, working, organising and praticipating in social life, paying taxes, changing address online, searching for information, taking care of my data, privacy and security while online etc.

So I am reflecting, what kind of learning opportunities (courses) do we need to provide for individual learning interests and needs. Would I go to a course with an open format where I bring my own device and work on tasks that are challenging me personally? In that course I would get support of a tutor and/or other participants? This could be interesting but challenging for providers to provide.

We do not all face the same challenges. If literacy is at a low level, the courses need to be diffferent, yes, but for the general public with sufficient levels of literacy, such a course as described above could be useful.

What do you think?

Best regards

Kasutaja Graciela Sbertoli pilt
I do so agree with you, Cäcilia! Relevance is probably the most important success factor for any adult learning scheme, and the type of open courses you suggest would be excellent, I think - although maybe quite challenging for the trainer if the group is large. What I am concerned about, though, is that learning cannot stop at the point where the adult knows how to deal with all the apps he/she is in need of at the moment. If inclusion is to be sustainable, we need to go further and create an understanding, a capacity to continue learning how to cope with any new development this speedy industry is "throwing at us". Although devices are getting more and more user friendly all the time, their complexity is increasing ten times more than their userfriendliness. Just think of how easy it used to be to turn on your TV... :-)